Maximilian Hien

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BACKGROUND Successful surgical repair of a regurgitant mitral valve (MV) is dependent on a comprehensive assessment of its complex anatomy. Although there is limited evidence of the feasibility and accuracy of intraoperative real-time 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (RT3DTEE) in MV surgery, its use is increasing worldwide. We designed this(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of mitral valve surgery on left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) dimensions is unclear. Real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography permits excellent visualization of the LVOT and might improve standard two-dimensional measurements. In this study, LVOT area and shape were assessed before and after mitral valve surgery.(More)
Transesophageal echocardiography is recommended to monitor left ventricular (LV) size and function in various operations. Generally, two-dimensional (2D) methods are applied intraoperatively. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy and feasibility of 6 commonly used 2D methods to assess LV function during surgery. LV function in 120 consecutive(More)
BACKGROUND Three-dimensional (3D) transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) enables the determination of the vena contracta area (VCA), which is an approved parameter to quantify mitral regurgitation (MR). The aim of this study was to determine the VCA in the operative setting and to compare it to alternative 3D and standard 2D methods, with respect to(More)
BACKGROUND Three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (3DTEE) has been demonstrated to provide more accurate information than two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (2DTEE) in the localization of mitral valve prolapse (MVP). However, most studies have been single-rater studies. Few results were tested for inter-observer variability with a(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To determine and interpret the changes in preload, afterload, and cardiac function in the different phases of robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy. DESIGN Prospective, observational monocenter study. SETTING Operating room at a university hospital. PATIENTS 31 consecutive, ASA physical status 1, 2, and 3 patients. INTERVENTIONS(More)
OBJECTIVES We report on a rare but severe complication of adenosine use in a child with reentry tachycardia. METHODS AND RESULTS Treatment with adenosine, which is the standard medical therapy of atrioventricular reentry tachycardia, led to the development of an irregular wide complex tachycardia, caused by rapid ventricular response to atrial(More)
BACKGROUND Three-dimensional (3D) transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has been claimed to provide more information than two-dimensional (2D) TEE in the localization of mitral valve prolapse (MVP). However, most studies have been performed by experts in echocardiography, without accounting for differences in training or expertise. This multicenter study(More)