Maximilian Christ

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Academic underachievement (AU) was studied among 177 clinic-referred boys reliably diagnosed as having attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or conduct disorder (CD). Unlike previous studies, the present study assessed AU using a formula that determined the discrepancy between a child's predicted level of achievement and actual level of(More)
The relation of symptoms of conduct disorder (CD) and anxiety to salivary cortisol was explored in 67 clinic-referred boys aged 8 to 13 years. Children with anxiety disorder had higher levels of cortisol, but this main effect was qualified by a significant CD x anxiety disorder interaction. Consistent with Gray's biological model of the behavioral(More)
In a sample of 177 clinic-referred children aged 7-13, an association was found between a diagnosis of conduct disorder (CD) and several aspects of family functioning: maternal parenting (supervision and persistence in discipline) and parental adjustment (paternal antisocial personality disorder and paternal substance abuse). Children with oppositional(More)
BACKGROUND Clozapine differs from other currently available antipsychotics in its prominent serotonin blockade. We explore the relationship between clozapine and obsessive compulsive symptoms, which have been linked to deficient serotonin. METHOD We reviewed our experience in treating 49 chronic schizophrenic patients with clozapine. RESULTS Five(More)
Jeffrey A. Gray has proposed a model in which conduct disorder (CD) is viewed as the result of both excessive activity of a behavioral activation system that mediates appetitive and aggressive behavior and deficient activity of a behavioral inhibition system that mediates both anxiety and the inhibition of behavior in the presence of cues signalling(More)
Fine needle aspiration biopsy for cytologic diagnosis has been shown to be an effective adjunct to the clinical evaluation of masses of the breast by physical examination and mammography. In addition to adequately decompressing cystic masses, the procedure has been beneficial in obtaining a pathologic interpretation of any mass that is to be observed.(More)
A structured and reliable diagnostic procedure based on a revised version of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children for children, parents, and teachers was used to assign both DSM-III and DSM-III-R diagnoses to 177 outpatient boys aged 7 to 12 years. Compared to their DSM-III counterparts, DSM-III-R oppositional defiant disorder was 25.5% less(More)
Early motherhood (less than 20 years of age) was found to be significantly correlated (r = .33) with the number of DSM-III symptoms of conduct disorder in a sample of 253 boys aged 6-13 years who had been referred to outpatient clinics. The following models were compared using path analysis: (a) Teenage motherhood, parental antisocial personality, and SES(More)
The literature is replete with diverse studies about gerontological nursing education on the attitudes of nursing students. This study examined the effect of a 3-year curriculum on ageism over all 3 years. Students were exposed first to well elderly subjects, then hospitalized older subjects, then severely ill older subjects. They were tested with the(More)