Maxime Côte

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BACKGROUND Dexmedetomidine, an α(2)-receptor agonist, prolongs analgesia when used in neuraxial and IV blocks. We evaluated the effect of dexmedetomidine added to ropivacaine for tibial nerve block on the duration of the sensory blockade. METHODS For this prospective, randomized, controlled, double-blind, crossover trial, 14 healthy volunteers were(More)
BACKGROUND Operative hysteroscopy requires the use of a distension medium and its absorption can lead to serious consequences from intravascular volume overload and water intoxication. We compared the impact of 2 types of anesthesia (general anesthesia and local anesthesia with sedation) on the absorption of glycine solution in operative hysteroscopy. (More)
BACKGROUND Lung cancer is the leading cause of worldwide cancer deaths. While smoking is its leading risk factor, few prospective cohort studies have reported on the association of lung cancer with both active and passive smoking. This study aimed to determine the relationship between lung cancer incidence with both active and passive smoking (childhood,(More)
Midazolam is a water-soluble benzodiazepine whose quick onset after intravenous injection, short duration of action, absence of venous irritation, and mild cardiovascular and respiratory effects suggest its use for induction of anesthesia. The renal effects of midazolam-N2O-O2 anesthesia, as determined by renal clearance of injected inulin and(More)
Midazolam, a water-soluble benzodiazepine that is shorter-acting, more potent, and less irritating to veins than diazepam, has been suggested for use for induction of anesthesia. The cardiovascular effects of an induction-sized dose (0.25 mg/kg) of midazolam in A.S.A. class I or II surgical patients (N = 11) sedated with morphine and N2O-O2 were compared in(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Large-scale genotyping of blood donors for red blood cell and platelet antigens has been predicted to replace phenotyping assays in the screening of compatible blood components for alloimmunized patients. Although several genotyping platforms have been described, novel procedures and processes are needed to perform genotyping(More)
In this work, we present an algorithm to recover the convolutional code which has produced a observed noisy binary sequence. It makes use of previously unpublished structural properties of convolutional codes that we present here. This allow us to improve on previously known techniques [2], [3], [1]. The algorithm was fully implemented and runs in(More)
BACKGROUND To describe trends over 20 years in (1) number of admissions for hip fracture, (2) patients' demographics, type of fractures sustained by the patients, and their health status at admission, (3) surgical delays, and (4) acute care outcomes. METHODS This trend was a study conducted in a Level I trauma center in Quebec, Canada. All patients (n =(More)