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Networked Infomechanical Systems (NIMS) introduces a new actuation capability for embedded networked sensing. By exploiting a constrained actuation method based on rapidly deployable infrastructure, NIMS suspends a network of wireless mobile and fixed sensor nodes in three-dimensional space. This permits run-time adaptation with variable sensing location,(More)
In many sensing applications, including environmental monitoring, measurement systems must cover a large space with only limited sensing resources. One approach to achieve required sensing coverage is to use robots to convey sensors within this space.Planning the motion of these robots – coordinating their paths in order to maximize the amount of(More)
We consider the problem of coverage and exploration of an unknown dynamic environment using a mobile robot. The environment is assumed to be large enough such that constant motion by the robot is needed to cover the environment. We present an efficient minimalist algorithm which assumes that global information is not available (neither a map, nor GPS). Our(More)
Monitoring of environmental phenomena with embedded networked sensing confronts the challenges of both unpredictable variability in the spatial distribution of phenomena, coupled with demands for a high spatial sampling rate in three dimensions. For example, low distortion mapping of critical solar radiation properties in forest environments may require(More)
— We present a Multi Field Distributed In-network Task Allocation (DINTA-MF) algorithm for online multi-robot task allocation (OMRTA) where tasks are allocated explicitly to robots by a pre-deployed, static sensor network. The idea of DINTA-MF is to compute several assignment fields in the sensor network and then distributively assign fields to different(More)
—We present the design and theoretical analysis of a novel algorithm termed least recently visited (LRV). LRV efficiently and simultaneously solves the problems of coverage, exploration, and sensor network deployment. The basic premise behind the algorithm is that a robot carries network nodes as a payload, and in the process of moving around, emplaces the(More)
Falls are currently a leading cause of death from injury in the elderly. The usage of conventional assistive cane devices is critical in reducing the risk of falls and is relied upon by over 4 million patients in the U.S. While canes provide physical support as well as supplementary sensing feedback to patients , at the same time, these conventional aids(More)