Maxie M. Roessler

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The crystal structure of the membrane-bound O(2)-tolerant [NiFe]-hydrogenase 1 from Escherichia coli (EcHyd-1) has been solved in three different states: as-isolated, H(2)-reduced, and chemically oxidized. As very recently reported for similar enzymes from Ralstonia eutropha and Hydrogenovibrio marinus, two supernumerary Cys residues coordinate the proximal(More)
The enterobacterium Escherichia coli synthesizes two H(2) uptake enzymes, Hyd-1 and Hyd-2. We show using precise electrochemical kinetic measurements that the properties of Hyd-1 and Hyd-2 contrast strikingly, and may be individually optimized to function under distinct environmental conditions. Hyd-2 is well suited for fast and efficient catalysis in more(More)
An important clue to the mechanism for O(2) tolerance of certain [NiFe]-hydrogenases is the conserved presence of a modified environment around the iron-sulfur cluster that is proximal to the active site. The O(2)-tolerant enzymes contain two cysteines, located at opposite ends of this cluster, which are glycines in their O(2)-sensitive counterparts. The(More)
In oxidative phosphorylation, complex I (NADH:quinone oxidoreductase) couples electron transfer to proton translocation across an energy-transducing membrane. Complex I contains a flavin mononucleotide to oxidize NADH, and an unusually long series of iron-sulfur (FeS) clusters, in several subunits, to transfer the electrons to quinone. Understanding coupled(More)
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is a Gram negative bacterial pathogen and a common cause of food-borne illness. Molecular hydrogen has been shown to be a key respiratory electron donor during infection and H(2) oxidation can be catalysed by three genetically-distinct [NiFe] hydrogenases. Of these, hydrogenases-1 (Hyd-1) and Hyd-2 have(More)
"Hyd-1", produced by Escherichia coli , exemplifies a special class of [NiFe]-hydrogenase that can sustain high catalytic H(2) oxidation activity in the presence of O(2)-an intruder that normally incapacitates the sulfur- and electron-rich active site. The mechanism of "O(2) tolerance" involves a critical role for the Fe-S clusters of the electron relay,(More)
The unusual [4Fe-3S] cluster proximal to the active site plays a crucial role in allowing a class of [NiFe]-hydrogenases to function in the presence of O(2) through its unique ability to undergo two rapid, consecutive one-electron transfers. This property helps to neutralize reactive oxygen species. Mechanistic details and the role of the medial and distal(More)
Protein film electrochemistry (PFE) is providing cutting-edge insight into the chemical principles underpinning biological hydrogen. Attached to an electrode, many enzymes exhibit "reversible" electrocatalytic behavior, meaning that a catalyzed redox reaction appears reversible or quasi-reversible when viewed by cyclic voltammetry. This efficiency is most(More)
Complex I (NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase) is critical for respiration in mammalian mitochondria. It oxidizes NADH produced by the Krebs' tricarboxylic acid cycle and β-oxidation of fatty acids, reduces ubiquinone, and transports protons to contribute to the proton-motive force across the inner membrane. Complex I is also a significant contributor to(More)
Despite extensive studies on [NiFe]-hydrogenases, the mechanism by which these enzymes produce and activate H2 so efficiently remains unclear. A well-known EPR-active state produced under H2 and known as Ni-C is assigned as a Ni(III)-Fe(II) species with a hydrido ligand in the bridging position between the two metals. It has long been known that(More)