Max W Robinson

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PURPOSE Human papillomavirus-16 (HPV16) is the causative agent in a biologically distinct subset of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) with highly favorable prognosis. In clinical trials, HPV16 status is an essential inclusion or stratification parameter, highlighting the importance of accurate testing. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Fixed and(More)
BACKGROUND Oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a subtype of head-and-neck cancer with a distinct clinical and prognostic profile. While there are calls to undertake HPV testing for oropharyngeal SCCs within the diagnostic setting and for clinical trials, there are currently no internationally(More)
Doses of acrylamide ranging from 12.5 to 50 mg/kg were administered orally to female ICR-Swiss mice over 3 days for each of 2 weeks (total doses of 75, 150 and 300 mg/kg). Two weeks later some of the animals were started on a promotion schedule involving the application of 2.5 micrograms TPA/mouse 3 times weekly. Development of tumors was observed weekly in(More)
Increasing use of the Internet for critical services makes flooding distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) a top security threat. A distributed nature of DDoS suggests that a distributed mechanism is necessary for a successful defense. Three main DDoS defense functionalities - attack detection, rate limiting and traffic differentiation - are most effective(More)
Distributed denial-of-service attacks represent a major security problem. The main task of defense systems is to accurately detect these attacks and quickly respond to stop the oncoming flood. It is equally important to recognize the legitimate traffic that shares the attack signature and deliver it reliably to the victim. Unfortunately, there is no single(More)
Acrylamide structurally resembles vinyl carbamate, a proposed proximate carcinogenic form of ethyl carbamate. To test the hypothesis that acrylamide should possess carcinogenic properties, it was tested in the Salmonella-microsome assay for point mutation, as a skin tumor initiator in the Sencar mouse, and for its ability to induce lung adenomas in the A/J(More)
The carcinogenic activity of chloroform administered at 0, 200, 400, 900, and 1800 mg/liter in drinking water was studied in male Osborne-Mendel rats and female B6C3F1 mice. A second control group was included in the study and was restricted to the water consumption of the high-dose group. Animals were maintained on study for 104 weeks. Group sizes were(More)
There is accumulating evidence that oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) that harbour oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) are biologically distinct and have a better prognosis. This information is a persuasive argument for the identification of these cancers in clinical practice. The concept of 'HPV related' SCC should be underpinned by knowledge(More)
To test the feasibility of employing a combined lung adenoma/skin papilloma assay for broader detection of chemical carcinogenesis than that realized with either bioassay done separately, four strains of mice, SENCAR, BALB/c, A/J, and ICR-Swiss, were administered carcinogens either by the oral or intraperitoneal (IP) routes. The carcinogens administered(More)
Although it is now well established that a significant proportion of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) harbour oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) sequences, the frequency with which these sequences are detected in oral SCC (excluding oropharyngeal subsites) is highly variable. In an attempt to establish the true prevalence of HPV-16 and HPV-18(More)