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Understanding energetics and mechanism of protein-protein association remains one of the biggest theoretical problems in structural biology. It is assumed that desolvation must play an essential role during the association process, and indeed protein-protein interfaces in obligate complexes have been found to be highly hydrophobic. However, the(More)
The V1V2 region of HIV-1 gp120 harbors a major vulnerable site targeted by a group of broadly neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) such as PG9 through strand-strand recognition. However, this epitope region is structurally polymorphic as it can also form a helical conformation recognized by RV144 vaccine-induced MAb CH58. This structural polymorphism(More)
UNLABELLED Antibodies (Abs) specific for the V3 loop of the HIV-1 gp120 envelope neutralize most tier 1 and many tier 2 viruses and are present in essentially all HIV-infected individuals as well as immunized humans and animals. Vaccine-induced V3 Abs are associated with reduced HIV infection rates in humans and affect the nature of transmitted viruses in(More)
A new method for electronic publishing of articles with text linked to its interactive three dimensional content is described. The method is based on a single document containing a variety of objects such as formatted text, multiple three dimensional molecular objects, textured shapes and surfaces, data tables and graphs, chemical spreadsheets, alignments,(More)
In recent years, protein-protein interactions are becoming the object of increasing attention in many different fields, such as structural biology, molecular biology, systems biology, and drug discovery. From a structural biology perspective, it would be desirable to integrate current efforts into the structural proteomics programs. Given that experimental(More)
Strong antibody (Ab) responses against V1V2 epitopes of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp120 envelope (Env) correlated with reduced infection rates in studies of HIV, simian-human immunodeficiency virus (SHIV), and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). In order to focus the Ab response on V1V2, we used six V1V2 sequences and nine scaffold(More)
Great reductions in malaria mortality have been accomplished in the last 15 years, in part due to the widespread roll-out of insecticide-treated bednets across sub-Saharan Africa. To date, these nets only employ pyrethroids, insecticides that target the voltage-gated sodium ion channel of the malaria vector, Anopheles gambiae. Due to the growing emergence(More)
BACKGROUND Two recent technological advances dramatically reducing the rate of false-negatives in activity prediction by docking flexible 3D models of compounds include multi-conformational docking (mPockDock) and the docking of candidates to atomic property fields derived by co-crystallized ligands (mApfDock). RESULTS The mApfDock and mPockDock provide(More)
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