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1. Previous experiments have shown that punctate chemical lesions within the middle temporal area (MT) of the superior temporal sulcus (STS) produce deficits in the initiation and maintenance of pursuit eye movements (10, 34). The present experiments were designed to test the effect of such chemical lesions in an area within the STS to which MT projects,(More)
Physiological experiments have produced evidence that the middle temporal visual area (MT) of the monkey is selectively involved in the analysis of visual motion. We tested this hypothesis by studying the effects of small chemical lesions of MT on eye movements made in response to moving as opposed to stationary visual targets. We observed two deficits for(More)
Ibotenic acid lesions of the middle temporal visual area (MT) have previously been shown to impair a monkey's ability to initiate smooth pursuit eye movements to targets moving in the extrafoveal visual field (30). This is a retinotopic deficit: pursuit is impaired in all directions within the affected portion of the contralateral visual field. In the(More)
To study the visual processing of periodic and aperiodic patterns, we have analyzed neuronal responses in areas V1 and V2 of the visual cortex of alert monkeys during behaviorally induced fixation of gaze. Receptive field eccentricities ranged between 0.5 degrees and 4 degrees. We found cells that responded vigorously to gratings, but weakly or not all to(More)
The hippocampal formation is known for its importance in conscious, declarative memory. Here, we report neuroimaging evidence in humans for an additional role of the hippocampal formation in nonconscious memory. We maskedly presented combinations of faces and written professions such that subjects were not aware of them. Nevertheless, the masked(More)
Retrograde transport of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was used to determine the origins of afferent connexions to the visual cortex (areas 17, 18a and 18b) in the hamster. The distribution of neurons projecting to the visual cortex from other cortical areas, from the thalamus and from the brainstem was studied using a computer technique for three-dimensional(More)
Chemical agents which reversibly or irreversibly disrupt neural processing offer several advantages over traditional techniques for behavioral studies of the central nervous system. In order to evaluate the utility of chemical agents for a behavioral analysis of visual cortical function in primates, we have tested the effects of muscimol and ibotenic acid(More)
1. Eleven kittens were deprived of vision in one eye until the age of between 5 and 14 weeks. Their eyes were then reverse-sutured, they were allowed to survive for a further 3-63 days, and their brains were then examined histologically. 2. Measurement of the cross-sectional area of cells in the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) showed that when the reversal(More)