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BACKGROUND Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the medial forebrain bundle (MFB) was reported to reduce symptoms in psychiatric disorders. The aim of our study was to find standardised parameters for diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) based fibre tracking to reliably visualise the MFB. METHODS Twenty-two cerebral hemispheres in 11 patients were investigated.(More)
OBJECTIVE In glioma surgery, the extent of resection (EOR) is one important predictor of progression-free survival. In 2006, fluorescence-guided surgery using 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) was shown to improve the EOR in malignant gliomas. However, the use of 5-ALA is complex and causes certain side effects. Sodium fluorescein (FL) is a fluorescent dye that(More)
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been shown to be effective for levodopa-responsive symptoms and tremor in Parkinson's disease (PD). The subthalamic nucleus (STN) is the preferred target for most patients suffering from late stage motor complications of the disorder. STN DBS is superior to best medical treatment concerning the control of motor fluctuations(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of our study was to evaluate discrepancies between the electrophysiologically and MRI-defined subthalamic nucleus (STN) in order to contribute to the ongoing debate of whether or not microelectrode recording (MER) provides additional information to image-guided targeting in deep brain stimulation. METHODS Forty-four STNs in 22 patients(More)
BACKGROUND In deep brain stimulation the way to define and localize the optimal target for the individual patient is still under debate. The objective of our study was to investigate the reliability of atlas derived data by comparing them with direct targeting on MR images. METHOD We investigated 28 STN targets in 14 volunteers. The stereotactic(More)
BACKGROUND In essential tremor (ET), the main target for deep brain stimulation (DBS) is the thalamic ventralis intermedius nucleus (Vim). This target cannot be identified on conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Therefore, targeting depends on probabilistic coordinates derived from stereotactic atlases. The goal of our study was to investigate the(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) with thin corpus callosum (CC) is a rare neurodegenerative disorder classified as a complicated form of spastic paraplegia. Some patients with HSP with thin CC have previously been described in Japanese families, and the genetic locus was linked to chromosome 15q13-15. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to further(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to evaluate the influence of the stimulation site relative to the dentato-rubro-thalamic tract (DRTT) on the alleviation of tremor in deep brain stimulation. METHODS Ten DRTTs in five patients were investigated using preoperative diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Regions of interest for fiber tracking were located in the(More)
This study aims to evaluate the improvements of cardinal motor symptoms depending on the stimulation site relative to a standardized, reconstructed three-dimensional MRI-defined subthalamic nucleus (STN.) This retrospective, clinical study includes 22 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease, who consecutively underwent bilateral subthalamic nucleus(More)
BACKGROUND The goal of our study was to investigate the influence of intraoperative microelectrode recordings and clinical testing on the location of the final stimulation site in deep brain stimulation in Parkinson's disease. METHODS In 22 patients with Parkinson's disease we compared magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based and atlas-based targets with(More)