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Little is known about differences in the expression, localization, and function of the two dopamine D2 receptor subtypes, D2short and D2long (D2s and D2l), in either normal or adenomatous pituitary. We investigated the messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of the D2 receptor (D2R) subtypes in clinically nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas by in situ hybridization(More)
Anticonvulsant drugs are frequently given after craniotomy. Phenytoin (PHT) is the most commonly used agent; levetiracetam (LEV) is a new anticonvulsant drug with fewer side effects. To compare the incidence of seizures in patients receiving either prophylactic PHT or LEV perioperatively, 971 patients undergoing a craniotomy were analysed retrospectively(More)
BACKGROUND In many centers the standard anesthesiological care for deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery in Parkinson's disease patients is an asleep-awake-asleep procedure. However, sedative drugs and anesthetics can compromise ventilation and hemodynamic stability during the operation and some patients develop a delirious mental state after the initial(More)
The effect of the dopamine agonist bromocriptine and the somatostatin analog SMS 201-995 on growth of 12 human somatotrophic and 13 non-functioning adenoma cell cultures was investigated. When adenoma cells were maintained in medium supplemented with 5% fetal calf serum, cell counts of 10 of 12 somatotrophic cultures increased to 145 +/- 6 and 171 +/- 9%(More)
BACKGROUND Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the medial forebrain bundle (MFB) was reported to reduce symptoms in psychiatric disorders. The aim of our study was to find standardised parameters for diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) based fibre tracking to reliably visualise the MFB. METHODS Twenty-two cerebral hemispheres in 11 patients were investigated.(More)
OBJECTIVE In glioma surgery, the extent of resection (EOR) is one important predictor of progression-free survival. In 2006, fluorescence-guided surgery using 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) was shown to improve the EOR in malignant gliomas. However, the use of 5-ALA is complex and causes certain side effects. Sodium fluorescein (FL) is a fluorescent dye that(More)
The synthetic hexapeptide GH-releasing peptide (GHRP; His-D-Trp-Ala-Trp-D-Phe-Lys-NH2) specifically stimulates GH secretion in humans in vivo and in animals in vitro and in vivo via a still unknown receptor and mechanism. To determine the effect of GHRP on human somatotroph cells in vitro, we stimulated cell cultures derived from 12 different human(More)
BACKGROUND The goal of our study was to investigate the influence of intraoperative microelectrode recordings and clinical testing on the location of the final stimulation site in deep brain stimulation in Parkinson's disease. METHODS In 22 patients with Parkinson's disease we compared magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based and atlas-based targets with(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of our study was to evaluate discrepancies between the electrophysiologically and MRI-defined subthalamic nucleus (STN) in order to contribute to the ongoing debate of whether or not microelectrode recording (MER) provides additional information to image-guided targeting in deep brain stimulation. METHODS Forty-four STNs in 22 patients(More)
In addition to its well-known homoeostatic actions in the cardiovascular system, ET-1 has been shown to constitute a potent growth regulatory peptide in various tissues. We have studied the expression of ET-1 and its receptors (ET-Ar and ET-Br) in human meningiomas (n = 35) as well as their involvement in cellular growth. By PCR of reverse-transcribed RNA(More)