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BACKGROUND Untreated, one third of patients who undergo surgery will have postoperative nausea and vomiting. Although many trials have been conducted, the relative benefits of prophylactic antiemetic interventions given alone or in combination remain unknown. METHODS In a randomized, controlled trial of factorial design, 5,199 patients at high risk for(More)
BACKGROUND In many centers the standard anesthesiological care for deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery in Parkinson's disease patients is an asleep-awake-asleep procedure. However, sedative drugs and anesthetics can compromise ventilation and hemodynamic stability during the operation and some patients develop a delirious mental state after the initial(More)
OBJECTIVE In glioma surgery, the extent of resection (EOR) is one important predictor of progression-free survival. In 2006, fluorescence-guided surgery using 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) was shown to improve the EOR in malignant gliomas. However, the use of 5-ALA is complex and causes certain side effects. Sodium fluorescein (FL) is a fluorescent dye that(More)
BACKGROUND In essential tremor (ET), the main target for deep brain stimulation (DBS) is the thalamic ventralis intermedius nucleus (Vim). This target cannot be identified on conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Therefore, targeting depends on probabilistic coordinates derived from stereotactic atlases. The goal of our study was to investigate the(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of our study was to evaluate discrepancies between the electrophysiologically and MRI-defined subthalamic nucleus (STN) in order to contribute to the ongoing debate of whether or not microelectrode recording (MER) provides additional information to image-guided targeting in deep brain stimulation. METHODS Forty-four STNs in 22 patients(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to evaluate the influence of the stimulation site relative to the dentato-rubro-thalamic tract (DRTT) on the alleviation of tremor in deep brain stimulation. METHODS Ten DRTTs in five patients were investigated using preoperative diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Regions of interest for fiber tracking were located in the(More)
BACKGROUND In deep brain stimulation the way to define and localize the optimal target for the individual patient is still under debate. The objective of our study was to investigate the reliability of atlas derived data by comparing them with direct targeting on MR images. METHOD We investigated 28 STN targets in 14 volunteers. The stereotactic(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) with thin corpus callosum (CC) is a rare neurodegenerative disorder classified as a complicated form of spastic paraplegia. Some patients with HSP with thin CC have previously been described in Japanese families, and the genetic locus was linked to chromosome 15q13-15. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to further(More)
Anticonvulsant drugs are frequently given after craniotomy. Phenytoin (PHT) is the most commonly used agent; levetiracetam (LEV) is a new anticonvulsant drug with fewer side effects. To compare the incidence of seizures in patients receiving either prophylactic PHT or LEV perioperatively, 971 patients undergoing a craniotomy were analysed retrospectively(More)
BACKGROUND Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the medial forebrain bundle (MFB) was reported to reduce symptoms in psychiatric disorders. The aim of our study was to find standardised parameters for diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) based fibre tracking to reliably visualise the MFB. METHODS Twenty-two cerebral hemispheres in 11 patients were investigated.(More)