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A neuropsychological investigation of executive functions in patients with unipolar depression was conducted. Ten patients with unipolar depression were tested before, 48 hours after, and 3 months after ECT. Control subjects were tested at similar intervals. Measures included 10 executive and related tasks (20 variables) on which frontal lobe lesion(More)
Very-low-birthweight (VLBW) individuals are at high risk of brain injury in the perinatal period. We wished to determine how such early brain lesions affect brain structure in adulthood. Thirty-two VLBW adults (20 female, 12 male) and 18 term, normal birthweight sibling control individuals (nine female, nine male) underwent structural MRI at a mean age of(More)
Chronic fatigue syndrome is associated with high levels of occupational disability. Consecutive out-patients at a chronic fatigue syndrome treatment service were studied for associations between occupational status, symptom severity and cognitive and behavioural responses to symptoms. All patients had high symptom levels; however, those on long-term(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aims to objectively assess the prevalence and nature of personality disorders in depressed and nondepressed chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) patients and compare this to depressed and healthy control groups. METHODS Sixty-one patients attending a tertiary referral clinic with chronic fatigue syndrome, 40 psychiatric inpatients with(More)
BackgroundOnly 30-35% of people with mental health problems seek help from professionals. Informal help, usually from friends, family and religious leaders, is often sought but is under-researched. This study aimed to contrast patterns of informal and formal help-seeking using data from a community psychiatric morbidity survey (n=1692) (South East London(More)
Mental illness is now the leading cause of both sickness absence and incapacity benefits in most high-income countries. The rising economic and social costs make health and work an increasing priority for policy makers. We discuss the findings from Dame Carol Black's recent review of the health of Britain's working-age population and examine how her(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies of the association between psychiatric disorder and premature death have adjusted for key confounders and used structured psychiatric interviews. We aimed to investigate if psychiatric disorder was associated with a higher risk of mortality and whether any excess mortality was due to suicide, or explained by other health or(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known as to whether childhood temperament is associated with long-term sickness absence in adult life. AIMS To explore the associations between childhood temperament and long-term sickness absence in middle age. METHOD The Aberdeen Children of the 1950s study is comprised of 12,150 children born in Aberdeen 1950-55. Teachers(More)
OBJECTIVES The authors aimed to test the relationship between childhood cognitive function and long-term sick leave in adult life and whether any relationship was mediated by educational attainment, adult social class or adult mental ill-health. DESIGN Cohort study. SETTING The authors used data from the 1946, 1958 and 1970 British birth cohorts.(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the views of sick doctors on their experiences with the General Medical Council (GMC) and their perception of the impact of GMC involvement on return to work. DESIGN Qualitative study. SETTING UK PARTICIPANTS Doctors who had been away from work for at least 6 months with physical or mental health problems, drug or alcohol problems,(More)