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- Max Henrion
- UAI
- 1986

Qualitative Probabilistic Networks (QPNs) are an abstraction of Bayesian belief networks replacing numerical relations by qualitative innuences and synergies Wellman, 1990b]. To reason in a QPN is to nd the eeect of new evidence on each node in terms of the sign of the change in belief (increase or decrease). We introduce a polynomial time algorithm for… (More)

- M A Shwe, B Middleton, D E Heckerman, M Henrion, E J Horvitz, H P Lehmann +1 other
- Methods of information in medicine
- 1991

In Part I of this two-part series, we report the design of a probabilistic reformulation of the Quick Medical Reference (QMR) diagnostic decision-support tool. We describe a two-level multiply connected belief-network representation of the QMR knowledge base of internal medicine. In the belief-network representation of the QMR knowledge base, we use… (More)

- Max Henrion
- UAI
- 1987

We have developed a probabilistic reformulation of the Quick Medical Reference (QMR) system. In Part I of this two-part series, we described a two-level, multiply connected belief-network representation of the QMR knowledge base and a simulation algorithm to perform probabilistic inference on the reformulated knowledge base. In Part II of this series, we… (More)

Bayesian belief networks are being increasingly used as a knowledge representation for reasoning under uncertainty. Some researchers have questioned the practicality of obtaining the numerical probabilities with sucient precision to create belief networks for large-scale applications. In this work, we i n v estigate how precise the probabilities need to be… (More)

Despite their diierent perspectives, artiicial intelligence (AI) and the disciplines of decision science have common roots and strive for similar goals. This paper surveys the potential for addressing problems in representation, inference, knowledge engineering, and explanation within the decision-theoretic framework. Recent analyses of the restrictions of… (More)

We present several techniques for knowledge engineering of large belief networks (BNs) based on the our experiences with a network derived from a large medical knowledge base. The noisy-MAX, a generalization of the noisy-OR gate, is used to model causal independence in a BN with multivalued variables. We describe the use of leak probabilities to enforce the… (More)

of the serial computer. Despite common roots, AI soon distinguished itself in its concern with autonomous problem solving and its emphasis on symbolic , rather than numeric , information. Some of the earliest AI research addressed approximations and heuris-tics for complex tasks in decision-theoretic formulations (Simon 1955), and early work on expert… (More)

Recent research has found that diagnostic performance with Bayesian belief networks is often surprisingly insensitive to imprecision in the numerical probabilities. For example, the authors have recently completed an extensive study in which they applied random noise to the numerical probabilities in a set of belief networks for medical diagnosis, subsets… (More)