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A related DNA fragment distinct from the epidermal growth factor receptor and ERBB2 genes was detected by reduced stringency hybridization of v-erbB to normal genomic human DNA. Characterization of the cloned DNA fragment mapped the region of v-erbB homology to three exons with closest identity of 64% and 67% to a contiguous region within the tyrosine(More)
Multiple endocrine neoplasia types 2A and 2B (MEN2A and MEN2B) and familial medullary thyroid carcinoma are dominantly inherited cancer syndromes. All three syndromes are associated with mutations in RET, which encodes a receptor-like tyrosine kinase. The altered RET alleles were shown to be transforming genes in NIH 3T3 cells as a consequence of(More)
Recombinant expression of a chimeric EGFR/ErbB-3 receptor in NIH 3T3 fibroblasts allowed us to investigate cytoplasmic events associated with ErbB-3 signal transduction upon ligand activation. An EGFR/ErbB-3 chimera was expressed on the surface of NIH 3T3 transfectants as two classes of receptors possessing epidermal growth factor (EGF) binding affinities(More)
The cellular gene encoding the receptor for epidermal growth factor (EGF) has considerable homology to the oncogene of avian erythroblastosis virus. In a human mammary carcinoma, a DNA sequence was identified that is related to v-erbB but amplified in a manner that appeared to distinguish it from the gene for the EGF receptor. Molecular cloning of this DNA(More)
A wide variety of human tumors contain an amplified or overexpressed erbB-2 gene, which encodes a growth factor receptor-like protein. When erbB-2 complementary DNA was expressed in NIH/3T3 cells under the control of the SV40 promoter, the gene lacked transforming activity despite expression of detectable levels of the erbB-2 protein. A further five- to(More)
Four transmembrane tyrosine kinases constitute the ErbB receptor family: the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor, ErbB-2, ErbB-3, and ErbB-4. We have measured the endocytic capacities of all four members of the EGF receptor family, including ErbB-3 and ErbB-4, which have not been described previously. EGF-responsive chimeric receptors containing the EGF(More)
Gli family members mediate constitutive Hedgehog signaling in the common skin cancer, basal cell carcinoma (BCC). Snail/Snai1 is rapidly induced by Gli1 in vitro, and is coexpressed with Gli1 in human hair follicles and skin tumors. In the current study, we generated a dominant-negative allele of Snail, SnaZFD, composed of the zinc-finger domain and(More)
Amplification of the erbB/EGF receptor and a structurally related gene, designated erbB-2, have previously been detected in a variety of human tumors. In a series of human mammary tumor cell lines, analysis of transcripts of these genes revealed elevated levels of one or the other in more than 60% of tumors analyzed. Eight cell lines demonstrated erbB-2(More)
In the present study we demonstrate that erbB-3 and erbB-2 cooperate in neoplastic transformation. Under conditions in which neither gene alone induced transformation, they readily transformed NIH3T3 cells if co-expressed. Furthermore, at high expression levels of ErbB2 which cause transformation, ErbB3 enhanced focus formation by one order of magnitude.(More)
Among 21 human mammary tumors analyzed for transforming genes by transfection of NIH/3T3 cells, only DNA of a carcinosarcoma cell line, HS578T, registered as positive. A Harvey (H)-ras oncogene identified in this line was cloned in biologically active form and the activating lesion was identified as a single nucleotide substitution of adenine for guanine in(More)