Learn More
Characterization of Leishmania colombiensis sp.n. is presented, which on the basis of biological and molecular criteria, appears to be a new member of the L. braziliensis complex. A total of nine isolates of the new parasite were made in Colombia and Panama between 1980 and 1986: two from human cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis, six from phlebotomine sand(More)
To diagnose symptomatic visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar) using peripheral blood rather than tissue aspirates, a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique was developed for which the detection limit is 1 Leishmania-infected macrophage in 8 mL of blood. For Indian, Kenyan, or Brazilian patients with parasitologically confirmed kala-azar, 57 of 63 cases(More)
Leishmaniasis is a major tropical disease for which current chemotherapies, pentavalent antimonials, are inadequate and cause severe side effects. It has been reported that trifluralin, a microtubule-disrupting herbicide, is inhibitory to Leishmania amazonensis. In this study, the in vitro effect of trifluralin on different species of trypanosomatid(More)
We previously found that 2 mg of pentamidine isethionate/kg, administered every other day in seven injections, was 95% curative for Colombian cutaneous leishmaniasis. However, 17% of the patients had to prematurely terminate therapy due to drug toxicity and another 30% had mild-to-moderate toxic clinical reactions. In this report, we show that the same(More)
A female Neotoma micropus infected with Leishmania was collected in Zavala County, Texas, on 15 January 1990. The infection was limited to lesions at the bases of the ears, and the parasite grew readily in Schneider's Drosophila medium supplemented with 20% fetal bovine serum. Isozyme analysis determined the parasite to be Leishmania mexicana.
Ninety military patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis in Colombia were randomly allocated to 3 treatment regimens of parenteral aminosidine sulphate: (i) 12 mg aminosidine base/kg/d for 7 d, (ii) 12 mg/kg/d for 14 d, and (iii) 18 mg/kg/d for 14 d. With the 89 evaluable patients, the cure rates 12 months after the end of treatment were 10%, 45%, and 50%,(More)
A direct immunofluorescent antibody (DIFMA) test using a Leishmania genus-specific monoclonal antibody was evaluated in the routine diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Ecuador. This test was compared with the standard diagnostic techniques of scrapings, culture and histology. Diagnostic samples were taken from a total of 90 active dermal ulcers(More)
Currently available primary screens for selection of candidate antileishmanial compounds are not ideal. The choices include screens that are designed to closely reflect the situation in vivo but are labor-intensive and expensive (intracellular amastigotes and animal models) and screens that are designed to facilitate rapid testing of a large number of drugs(More)
We report that in vitro sensitivity to pentavalent antimony (Sb5) of 35 Leishmania isolates as determined by the semiautomated microdilution technique (SAMT) showed an 89% and 86% correlation with clinical outcome after Pentostam and Glucantime treatment, respectively. These results suggest that in over 85% of the cases, the clinical outcome of treatment(More)
The efficacy and toxicity of sodium stibogluconate (SSG) at a dosage of 20 mg/(kg.d) for either 20 days (for cutaneous disease) or 28 days (for visceral, mucosal, or viscerotropic disease) in the treatment of leishmaniasis is reported. Ninety-six U.S. Department of Defense health care beneficiaries with parasitologically confirmed leishmaniasis were(More)