Learn More
Interspecific or intergeneric hybridization, followed by chromosome doubling, can lead to the formation of new allopolyploid species. Recent studies indicate that allopolyploid formation is associated with genetic and epigenetic changes, although little is known about the type of changes that occur, how rapidly they occur, and the type of sequences(More)
To better understand genetic events that accompany allopolyploid formation, we studied the rate and time of elimination of eight DNA sequences in F1 hybrids and newly formed allopolyploids of Aegilops and TRITICUM: In total, 35 interspecific and intergeneric F1 hybrids and 22 derived allopolyploids were analyzed and compared with their direct parental(More)
To study genome evolution in allopolyploid plants, we analyzed polyploid wheats and their diploid progenitors for the occurrence of 16 low-copy chromosome- or genome-specific sequences isolated from hexaploid wheat. Based on their occurrence in the diploid species, we classified the sequences into two groups: group I, found in only one of the three diploid(More)
We recently reported that formation of allopolyploid wheat was accompanied by rapid nonrandom changes in low-copy noncoding DNA sequences. In this report we show that following allopolyploidization, changes also occurred in coding sequences. Genomic DNA of nine different newly synthesized amphiploids of different ploidy levels and their parental lines was(More)
H-2 gene transfection was used to restore expression of H-2K antigens in metastatic and non-metastatic subclones of a murine fibrosarcoma that lack their major histocompatibility complex-encoded H-2K antigens. De novo expression of H-2K reduced tumorigenicity and abolished the formation of metastasis in syngeneic mice. Expression of H-2K may lead to(More)
The genomic content of the subtelomeric repeated sequences Spelt1 and Spelt52 was studied by dot, Southern, and in situ hybridization in 11 newly synthesized amphiploids of Aegilops and Triticum, and data were compared with the parental plants. Spelt1 had reduced copy numbers in the first generation of three synthetic amphiploids, but two others did not(More)
HIV type 1 (HIV-1) not only directly kills infected CD4(+) T cells but also induces immunosuppression of uninfected T cells. Two immunosuppressive proteins, interferon alpha (IFNalpha) and extracellular Tat, mediate this process because specific antibodies against these proteins prevent generation of suppressor cells in HIV-1-infected peripheral blood(More)
Several aneuploid lines and one intervarietal substitution line of the hexaploid wheat Triticum aestivum (2n = 6x = 42; genomes AABBDD) cv. Chinese Spring were used to study the effects of different doses of chromosomes 1B, 1D, or 1A on the amount of the high molecular weight ("HMW") glutenins and gliadins of endosperm. These homeologous chromosomes carry(More)
Long-term cultures were established of HTLV-III-infected T4 cells from patients with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and of T4 cells from normal donors after infection of the cells in vitro. By initially reducing the number of cells per milliliter of culture medium it was possible to grow the infected cells for 50 to 60 days. As with(More)
IL-2 gene was introduced through retroviral vectors into the highly malignant and poorly immunogenic 3LL-D122 clone. Both high and low D122-IL-2 secretors showed elimination of tumorigenicity in syngeneic immune-competent mice; however, in nude mice only the high IL-2 secretor showed reduced tumorigenicity as compared with parental D122 cells. Also,(More)