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This paper is concerned with the mathematical analysis of emissions markets. We review the existing quantitative analyses on the subject and introduce some of the mathematical challenges posed by the implementation of the new phase of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme as well as the cap-and-trade schemes touted by the US, Canada, Australia and(More)
To meet the targets of the Kyoto Protocol, European Union has established the European Emission Trading Scheme, a mandatory market for carbon emission allowances. This regulatory framework has introduced a market for emission allowances and created a variety of emission-related financial instruments. In this work, we show that the economic mechanism of(More)
Unlike derivatives of financial contracts, commodity options exhibit distinct particularities owing to physical aspects of the underlying. An adaptation of no-arbitrage pricing to this kind of derivative turns out to be a stress test, challenging the martingale-based models with diverse technical and technological constraints, with storability and short(More)
This paper is concerned with the mathematical analysis of emissions markets. We review the existing quantitative analyses on the subject and introduce some of the mathematical challenges posed by the implementation of the new phase of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme as well as the cap-and-trade schemes touted by the U.S., Canada, Australia, and(More)
Since the 1990s power markets are being restructured worldwide and nowadays electrical power is traded as a commodity. The liberalization and with it the uncertainty in gas, fuel and electrical power prices requires an effective management of production facilities and financial contracts. Thereby derivatives build essential instruments to exchange volume as(More)
In this paper, we propose an equilibrium model for the joint price formation of allowances issued by regulators in the framework of a cap-and-trade scheme such as the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) and offset certificates such as CERs generated within the framework of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) or the Joint Implementation (JI)(More)