Max Favier

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Five groups of pregnant Wistar rats (zinc-deficient diet without folate supplementation; folinic acid, folate monoglutamate, folate polyglutamate-supplemented groups receiving zinc-deficient diet; pair-fed groups as controls) were fed from day one of fertilization with a semisynthetic zinc-deficient diet containing 0.2 mg/kg of Zn in the diet for the 4(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the possible beneficial effects of a micronutrient supplementation to apparently healthy pregnant women on maternal biological status and new born anthropometric characteristics. SETTING Departments of Obstetric of the University Hospital of Grenoble (France) and Lyon (France), Laboratoire of Biology of Oxidative Stress, UFR de(More)
OBJECTIVES Postmenopausal women exhibit an increased incidence of cardiovascular diseases, and type 2 diabetes mellitus compared with younger women. However, women receiving hormonal replacement therapy (HRT) seem to be protected. Since chromium (Cr) functions in glucose, lipid and corticosteroid metabolism and these variables, as well as Cr status, decline(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare oxidative stress and LDL oxidizability in postmenopausal women with and without HRT. METHODS In a cross sectional study, two groups of women, with or without combined per os HRT (1.5-2 mg estrogen associated with 10 mg dydrogesteron), were age and duration of menopause matched. Women were recruited after medical examination at LBSO(More)
Nosocomial infection with Listeria monocytogenes 4b occurred in January 1990 in a maternity hospital in Grenoble. The 3 patients involved were born within a 24 hour-interval. The premature newborn responsible for contamination was asymptomatic. Two other newborns without any perinatal infectious risk presented with meningitis, one on the 5th day of life in(More)
There seems to be a zinc deficiency during pregnancy in view of the low serum zinc levels, but especially low zinc levels in hair and leucocytes. The need for zinc supplements is still ill-defined but represents at least 5 mg per day which are not covered by the diet and taken from the maternal reserves. Therefore the risk of deficiency is real and its(More)
Zinc, an essential trace element, plays a critical role in normal growth and development, cellular integrity and many biological functions, including protein synthesis and nucleic acid metabolism. Since all these are involved in cell division and growth, zinc is believed to be important for foetal growth and development. Zinc requirement is increased during(More)
The authors study the hypothesis of zinc deficiency as an etiology of malformations of the neural tube. This hypothesis is based on several facts: decrease of maternal zinc levels in this disease found by many authors, malformations of the neural tube induced by experimental deficiency in several animal species, zinc membrane transfer disorders found in(More)
Caesarean sections are performed with an ever increasing frequency, and their morbidity rate due to infection varies between 35 and 40 per cent. The effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis has been demonstrated in caesarean sections with a high risk of infection, but few studies have been devoted to caesarean sections without this high risk. The purpose of(More)