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Scanning force microscopy allows imaging of biological molecules in their native state in buffer solution. To this end samples have to be fixed to a flat solid support so that they cannot be displaced by the scanning tip. Here we describe a method to achieve the covalent binding of biological samples to glass surfaces. Coverslips were chemically modified(More)
Cyclosporin A sensitive swelling of mitochondria isolated from control mouse livers and from the livers of transgenic mice expressing human ubiquitous mitochondrial creatine kinase occurred in the presence of both 40 microM calcium and 5 microM atractyloside which was accompanied by a 2.5-fold increase over state 4 respiration rates. Creatine and(More)
Creatine kinase (CK) isoenzymes, specifically located at places of energy demand and energy production, are linked by a phosphocreatine/creatine (PCr/Cr) circuit, found in cells with intermittently high energy demands. Cytosolic CKs, in close conjunction with Ca(2+)-pumps, play a crucial role for the energetics of Ca(2+)-homeostasis. Mitochondrial Mi-CK, a(More)
The reaction of peroxynitrite (PN) with sarcomeric mitochondrial creatine kinase (Mib-CK; EC 2.7.3.2) was observed at different stages of complexity (i) with purified Mi-CK, (ii) with enzyme bound on isolated mitoplasts, and (iii) within intact respiring mitochondria. Creatine-stimulated respiration was abolished by PN concentrations likely to be(More)
Mitochondria from transgenic mice, expressing enzymatically active mitochondrial creatine kinase in liver, were analyzed for opening of the permeability transition pore in the absence and presence of creatine kinase substrates but with no external adenine nucleotides added. In mitochondria from these transgenic mice, cyclosporin A-inhibited pore opening was(More)
Contact sites between the outer and peripheral inner membrane of mitochondria are involved in protein precursor uptake and energy transfer. Hexokinase and mitochondrial creatine kinase could be attributed by different techniques to the energy transfer contacts. Kinetic analyses suggested a functional interaction between the kinases, outer membrane pore(More)
Mitochondrial creatine kinase (MtCK) co-localizes with mitochondrial porin (voltage-dependent anion channel) and adenine nucleotide translocator in mitochondrial contact sites. A specific, direct protein-protein interaction between MtCK and mitochondrial porin was demonstrated using surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy. This interaction was independent of(More)
Highly purified adenylate translocase (ANT) from rat heart mitochondria was functionally reconstituted as ATP/ADP exchange carrier in asolectin/cardiolipin vesicles. The ANT preparations used were free of porin, cyclophilin D, and Bax as analysed immunologically and by activity measurements. After pre-loading the ANT-containing proteoliposomes with ATP,(More)
The membrane binding properties of cytosolic and mitochondrial creatine kinase isoenzymes are reviewed in this article. Differences between both dimeric and octameric mitochondrial creatine kinase (Mi-CK) attached to membranes and the unbound form are elaborated with respect to possible biological function. The formation of crystalline mitochondrial(More)
Mitochondrial creatine kinase (Mi-CK; EC 2.7.3.2) is a positively charged enzyme located between the mitochondrial inner and outer membrane as well as along the cristae membranes. The octameric form of Mi-CK is able to cross-link membranes to form contact sites. The process of Mi-CK membrane binding and Mi-CK-induced cross-linking of model membrane vesicles(More)