Max Andresen

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To assess the clinical impact of noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) on stable hypercapnic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, changes in exercise capacity, dyspnoea and simple physiological parameters were evaluated. The time course of these effects during treatment and recovery was also assessed. Patients were randomly allocated to NIMV (n=27) or(More)
To evaluate the effect of short-term (12-h) high-volume hemofiltration (HVHF) in reversing progressive refractory hypotension and hypoperfusion in patients with severe hyperdynamic septic shock. To evaluate feasibility and tolerance and to compare observed vs. expected hospital mortality. Prospective, interventional, nonrandomized study in the(More)
To clarify whether the increase in estrogen levels occurring during twin pregnancies (TP) is associated with a greater risk of developing intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP), we followed up 62 consecutive patients with TP and compared them with single pregnancies delivered in our hospital during 1 year. The prevalence of ICP was significantly higher(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to assess the acute effects of methylene blue, an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthesis, on hemodynamics and gas exchange in patients with refractory septic shock in a prospective clinical trial at medical and surgical intensive care units in a tertiary university hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS Prospective, sequential(More)
BACKGROUND Septic shock is highly lethal. We recently implemented an algorithm (advanced resuscitation algorithm for septic shock, ARAS 1) with a global survival of 67%, but with a very high mortality (72%) in severe cases [norepinephrine (NE) requirements >0.3 microg/kg/min for mean arterial pressure > or =70 mmHg]. As new therapies with different levels(More)
Septic shock (SS)-related multiorgan dysfunction has been associated with oxidative damage, but little is known about the temporal damage profile and its relationship to severity. The present work investigated prospectively 21 SS patients. Blood samples were obtained at diagnosis, 24, 72 hours, day 7, and at 3 months. At admission, thiobarbituric acid(More)
BACKGROUND Intestinal perforation caused by blunt trauma to an inguinal hernia is a very uncommon event. CASE REPORT We present the case of a 55-year old man who suffered trauma to the inguinal area while playing soccer and later developed intense abdominal pain with no categorical signs of peritoneal irritation. Computed tomography scan at arrival showed(More)
Herpetic encephalitis is the most common cause of viral encephalitis in our country. Pathological studies show progressive necrosis and edema in specific territories of the brain. The mortality of herpetic encephalitis was reduced from 70% to 20% with the use of intravenous aciclovir in the first three days of illness. However, almost 50% of patients(More)
Therapeutic hypothermia, recently termed target temperature management (TTM), is the cornerstone of neuroprotective strategy. Dating to the pioneer works of Fay, nearly 75 years of basic and clinical evidence support its therapeutic value. Although hypothermia decreases the metabolic rate to restore the supply and demand of O₂, it has other tissue-specific(More)
This study aimed to describe the population pharmacokinetics of vancomycin in critically ill patients with refractory septic shock undergoing continuous venovenous high-volume haemofiltration (HVHF) and to define appropriate dosing for these patients. This was a prospective pharmacokinetic study in the ICU of a university hospital. Eight blood samples were(More)