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INTRODUCTION Automated mapping of lung sound distribution is a novel area of interest currently investigated in mechanically ventilated, critically ill patients. The objective of the present study was to assess changes in thoracic sound distribution resulting from changes in positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP). Repeatability of automated lung sound(More)
Oesophageal acid exposure analysis is divided to upright and supine, based on the assumption that the supine-awake period is similar to the supine-asleep period. To determine if the principal acid-reflux characteristics of supine-awake are closer to supine-asleep or upright period. Patients with heartburn underwent an upper endoscopy and pH testing. The(More)
INTRODUCTION Tolerance of a spontaneous breathing trial is an evidence-based strategy to predict successful weaning from mechanical ventilation. Some patients may not tolerate the trial because of the respiratory load imposed by the endotracheal tube, so varying levels of respiratory support are widely used during the trial. Automatic tube compensation(More)
A 43-year-old woman had melancholic major depression and mild incoordination. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan showed extensive lesions of the cerebral white matter that were not detected on a computed tomography (CT) scan. Since multiple sclerosis may initially present as depression, the differential sensitivities of MRI and CT scanning should be(More)
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