Mauro de Oliveira

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Seventy seven (68%) patients with mucosal leishmaniasis recorded during the period 1976-1986 in the region of Três Braços, Bahia were traced and re-evaluated clinically, diagnostically and therapeutically. Sixty-five patients were alive. The families of 12 dead patients were interviewed about probable cause of death. The 65 patients had a fresh clinical(More)
AIMS The main focus of this study is to illustrate the importance of the statistical analysis in the evaluation of the accuracy of malaria diagnostic tests, without admitting a reference test, exploring a dataset (n=3317) collected in São Tomé and Príncipe. METHODS Bayesian Latent Class Models (without and with constraints) are used to estimate the(More)
Although intravenous (iv) injection of potassium cyanide (KCN) activates the arterial chemoreflex, it has been questioned whether cytotoxic hypoxia reproduces a physiological stimulus such as hypoxic hypoxia (low inspired O2 tension). Thus, the goal of the present study was to compare the cardiovascular responses elicited by intravenous injection of KCN to(More)
The goal of this study was to determine the baroreflex influence on systolic arterial pressure (SAP) and pulse interval (PI) variability in conscious mice. SAP and PI were measured in C57Bl/6J mice subjected to sinoaortic deafferentation (SAD, n = 21) or sham surgery (n = 20). Average SAP and PI did not differ in SAD or control mice. In contrast, SAP(More)
During the period October 1992 to July 1995 we measured the osmolarity and pH of ampoules of meglumine antimoniate (glucantime) from lot 9206L-004 (manufactured by Rhodia Farma Ltd, of São Paulo, SP, Brazil) maintained in three temperature conditions namely 4 degrees C, 37 degrees C and ambiental. Although we observed statistically significant differences(More)
BACKGROUND In spite of a large amount of studies in anesthetized animals, isolated hearts, and in vitro cardiomyocytes, to our knowledge, myocardial function was never studied in conscious diabetic rats. Myocardial performance and the response to stress caused by dobutamine were examined in conscious rats, fifteen days after the onset of diabetes caused by(More)
This study evaluated the role of arterial baroreceptors in arterial pressure (AP) and pulse interval (PI) regulation in conscious C57BL mice. Male animals, implanted with catheters in a femoral artery and a jugular vein, were submitted to sino-aortic (SAD), aortic (Ao-X) or carotid sinus denervation (Ca-X), 5 days prior to the experiments. After basal(More)
OBJECTIVE Chemoreceptors play an important role in the autonomic modulation of circulatory and ventilatory responses to changes in arterial O(2) and/or CO(2). However, studies evaluating hemodynamic responses to hypoxia and hypercapnia in rats have shown inconsistent results. Our aim was to evaluate hemodynamic and respiratory responses to different levels(More)
The effect of pyridostigmine (PYR)--an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor--on hemodynamics and cardiac autonomic control, was never studied in conscious myocardial infarcted mice. Telemetry transmitters were implanted into the carotid artery under isoflurane anesthesia. Seven to ten days after recovery from the surgery, basal arterial pressure and heart rate(More)
The antinociceptive action of a novel pyrazole-derived compound, 3-methyl-5-hydroxy-5-trichloromethyl-1H-1-pyrazolcarboxyamide (MPCA) was evaluated using the formalin and tail-immersion tests in mice. Anti-inflammatory activity was assessed by paw plethysmometry in adult rats using the carrageenin-induced paw edema test. Subcutaneous administration of MPCA(More)