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Intrauterine Growth Retardation (IUGR) is defined as a rate of growth of a fetus that is less than normal for the growth potential of the fetus (for that particular gestational age). Small for Gestational Age (SGA) is defined infant born following IUGR, with a weight at birth below the 10th percentile.Suboptimal fetal growth occurring in IUGR fetuses is an(More)
IMPORTANCE NEC is a common and severe complication in premature neonates, particularly those with very-low-birth-weight (VLBW, <1500 g at birth). Probiotics including lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) proved effective in preventing NEC in preterm infants in several RCTs. OBJECTIVE Lactoferrin, a mammalian milk glycoprotein involved in innate immune host(More)
BACKGROUND Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a multifactorial disease, but little is known about its relationships with neonatal nutritional policies. Human, maternal milk is the best possible nutritional option for all premature infants, including those at high risk for severe complications of prematurity, such as ROP. OBJECTIVE This is a secondary(More)
To evaluate the simultaneous effects of antenatal and delivery risk factors on neonatal death and cerebral palsy in preterm infants, we conducted a cohort study of 363 singleton pregnancies delivered between 24 and 33 weeks gestation. Neurodevelopmental outcome of the infants was evaluated at 2 years of corrected age. Risk factors associated with death or(More)
The objective of our study was to evaluate the capability of the metabolomics approach to identify the variations of urine metabolites over time related to the neonatal fungal septic condition. The study population included a clinical case of a preterm neonate with invasive fungal infection and 13 healthy preterm controls. This study showed a unique urine(More)
To evaluate and compare cardiovascular adaptation of 36 preterm and 34 fullterm newborns, we analyzed BNP concentration and echocardiographic parameters at day 3 of life and at day 28 (+/-2). On day 3 BNP concentrations (pg/ml) resulted higher in PDA preterm group (n=11; 125, IQR 56.1-301) than preterm without PDA (n=25; 25.5 IQR 10.9-49; p<0.001) than(More)
CONTEXT Sepsis is a common and severe complication in premature neonates, particularly those with very low birth weight (VLBW) (<1500 g). Whether lactoferrin, a mammalian milk glycoprotein involved in innate immune host defenses, can reduce the incidence of sepsis is unknown. In animal models, the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) enhances the(More)
BACKGROUND Invasive candida infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. We performed a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of fluconazole for the prevention of fungal colonization and infection in very-low-birth-weight neonates. METHODS During a 15-month period, all neonates weighing less than(More)
Late-onset sepsis (LOS) affects a large proportion of pre-term neonates in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) worldwide, with high morbidity and related mortality, and frequent occurrence of severe late neurodevelopmental impairment. Due to the frequency, severity and difficulties in early diagnosis and prompt therapy, prevention is crucial for(More)
This prospective observational study was designed to evaluate the magnitude of the corticosteroid-related reduction in the risk of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), intraventricular hemorrhage and neonatal death according to different etiologic subgroups of preterm delivery. Of 380 patients delivered before 35 weeks' gestation, 155 received a complete(More)