Mauro Stronati

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CONTEXT Sepsis is a common and severe complication in premature neonates, particularly those with very low birth weight (VLBW) (<1500 g). Whether lactoferrin, a mammalian milk glycoprotein involved in innate immune host defenses, can reduce the incidence of sepsis is unknown. In animal models, the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) enhances the(More)
BACKGROUND Invasive candida infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. We performed a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of fluconazole for the prevention of fungal colonization and infection in very-low-birth-weight neonates. METHODS During a 15-month period, all neonates weighing less than(More)
Enterovirus (HEV) and parechovirus (HPeV) infections are common in the neonatal period, and account for a large portion of febrile illnesses during the summer season. HEV infections appear clinically and seasonally similar to HPeV infections. In this study, we present the virological and clinical data from neonates infected with HEV or HPeV and hospitalized(More)
The short term neonatal morbidity and 2-year neurodevelopmental outcome were evaluated in 40 low birthweight (< 2500 g) liveborn infants delivered after abruptio placentae and in 80 control infants of similar gestational age. Apgar scores at 1' and 5' were lower in infants born to mothers with severe abruption. The prevalence of intraventricular hemorrhage(More)
IMPORTANCE NEC is a common and severe complication in premature neonates, particularly those with very-low-birth-weight (VLBW, <1500 g at birth). Probiotics including lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) proved effective in preventing NEC in preterm infants in several RCTs. OBJECTIVE Lactoferrin, a mammalian milk glycoprotein involved in innate immune host(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the obstetric antecedents of cystic periventricular leukomalacia and transient echodense periventricular lesions among preterm infants. DESIGN A cohort study of preterm singleton infants born between 25 and 33 weeks gestation. SETTING Pavia, Italy. POPULATION Three hundred and forty-nine infants admitted to a Division of Neonatal(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) immediate-early messenger RNA (IEmRNA) in sequential blood samples from 32 pregnant women with primary infection and from 14 congenitally infected newborns was qualitatively investigated by nucleic acid sequence-based amplification. IEmRNA was detected in 100%, 75%, 36.3%, 22.2%, and 0% of samples collected 1, 2, 3, 4-6, and >6(More)
The epidemiology of picornavirus infections along with associated risk factors for lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) and duration of virus shedding were investigated in 985 hospitalized patients in the period October 2008-September 2009. One-third of patients were human rhinovirus (HRV)-positive. Of 336 HRV-associated episodes, 153 (45.5%) were(More)
BACKGROUND The control of growth and nutritional status in the foetus and neonate is a complex mechanism, in which also hormones produced by adipose tissue, such as adiponectin and leptin are involved. The aim of this study was to evaluate levels of adiponectin, leptin and insulin in appropriate (AGA) and small for gestational age (SGA) children during the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate short-term neurodevelopmental outcome (at 24 months of corrected age) and correlations with obstetric and neonatal factors in a sample of preterm very low birth weight infants born and admitted to an Italian tertiary centre between 2005 and 2007. METHODS 156 infants with a birth weight ≤ 1500 g (gestational age, range: 27-31 weeks)(More)