Mauro Schneider Oliveira

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There is evidence that prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) facilitates the seizures induced by pentylenetetrazol (PTZ), but the role of PGE2 receptors (EPs) in the development of seizures has not been evaluated to date. In the current study we investigated whether selective EP ligands alter PTZ-induced seizures in adult male Wistar rats by electrographic methods.(More)
Cyclooxygenases (COXs) are rate-limiting enzymes in the metabolic pathways in which arachidonic acid is converted to prostaglandins. COX-2 is the isoform induced at injury/inflammation sites and expressed constitutively in a few tissues, such as the central nervous system, and plays a role in neurodegenerative diseases associated with increased excitatory(More)
Methylmalonic acidemias are metabolic disorders caused by a severe deficiency of methylmalonyl-CoA mutase activity, which are characterized by neurological dysfunction, including convulsions. It has been reported that the accumulating metabolite, L-methylmalonic acid (MMA), inhibits succinate dehydrogenase leading to ATP depletion in vitro, and that the(More)
Monosialoganglioside (GM1) is a glycosphingolipid that protects against some neurological conditions, such as seizures and ischemia. Glutaric acidemia type I (GA-I) is an inherited disease characterized by striatal degeneration, seizures, and accumulation of glutaric acid (GA). In this study, we show that GA inhibits Na+,K+-ATPase activity and increases(More)
PURPOSE In the present study we decided to investigate whether physical exercise protects against the electrographic, oxidative, and neurochemical alterations induced by subthreshold to severe convulsive doses of pentyltetrazole (PTZ). METHODS The effect of swimming training (6 weeks) on convulsive behavior induced by PTZ (30, 45, and 60 mg/kg, i.p.) was(More)
Although physical activity and creatine supplementation have been a documented beneficial effect on neurological disorders, its implications for epilepsy are still controversial. Thus, we decided to investigate the effects of 6 weeks swimming training, creatine supplementation (300 mg/kg; p.o.) or its combination seizures and neurochemical alterations(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a devastating disease that commonly causes persistent mental disturbances and cognitive deficits. Although studies have indicated that overproduction of free radicals, especially superoxide (O2(-)) derived from nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase is a common underlying mechanism of pathophysiology of(More)
Methylene blue (MB) is a thiazine dye with cationic and lipophilic properties that acts as an electron transfer mediator in the mitochondria. Due to this metabolic improving activity and free radicals scavenging effects, MB has been used in the treatment of methemoglobinemia and ifosfamide-induced encephalopathy. Considering that methylmalonic acidemia(More)
Pneumococcal surface protein A (PspA) and PspC are virulence factors that are involved in the adhesion of Streptococcus pneumoniae to epithelial cells and/or evasion from the immune system. Here, the immune responses induced by mucosal vaccines composed of both antigens as recombinant proteins or delivered by Lactobacillus casei were evaluated. None of the(More)
Spermidine is an endogenous polyamine with a polycationic structure present in the central nervous system of mammals. Spermidine regulates biological processes, such as Ca(2+) influx by glutamatergic N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDA receptor), which has been associated with nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and cGMP/PKG pathway activation and a decrease of(More)