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Previous work has shown thorax length to be under directional selection in the Drosophila buzzatii population of Carboneras. In order to predict the genetic consequences of natural selection, genetic variation for this trait was investigated in two ways. First, narrow sense heritability was estimated in the laboratory F2 generation of a sample of wild flies(More)
Our current understanding of evolution is so tightly linked to template-dependent replication of DNA and RNA molecules that the old idea from Oparin of a self-reproducing 'garbage bag' ('coacervate') of chemicals that predated fully-fledged cell-like entities seems to be farfetched to most scientists today. However, this is exactly the kind of scheme we(More)
We present a physical map based on RAPD polymorphic fragments and sequence-tagged sites (STSs) for the repleta group species Drosophila buzzatii. One hundred forty-four RAPD markers have been used as probes for in situ hybridization to the polytene chromosomes, and positive results allowing the precise localization of 108 RAPDs were obtained. Of these, 73(More)
  • M Santos
  • 2001
To date, there is still no consensus on the real significance of fluctuating asymmetry (FA) in evolutionary biology. Some studies have established links between FA and Darwinian fitness, and in a number of cases intermediate heritabilities for FA have been reported. However, many claims have been raised against the generality of these findings. I therefore(More)
Latitudinal clinal variation in wing size and shape has evolved in North American populations of Drosophila subobscura within about 20 years since colonization. While the size cline is consistent to that found in original European populations (and globally in other Drosophila species), different parts of the wing have evolved on the two continents. This(More)
Drosophila melanogaster populations subjected to extreme larval crowding (CU lines) in our laboratory have evolved higher larval feeding rates than their corresponding controls (UU lines). It has been suggested that this genetically based behavior may involve an energetic cost, which precludes natural selection in a density-regulated population to(More)
The error threshold for replication, the critical copying fidelity below which the fittest genotype deterministically disappears, limits the length of the genome that can be maintained by selection. Primordial replication must have been error-prone, and so early replicators are thought to have been necessarily short. The error threshold also depends on the(More)
An attempt was made to assess whether the phenotypic differences in body size (as measured by wing length) between wild-caught mating and single Drosophila buzzatii males could be attributed to genetic differences between the samples. Mating males were found to be larger and less variable than a random sample of the population. The progeny of the mating(More)
This study analyzes changes in gene expression and the biochemical and physiological properties of the antioxidant system in the leaves of two sugarcane cultivars under salt stress. In both salt-stressed cultivars, no alteration in the foliar nitrogen content was observed; however, there was a reduction in the phosphorus and potassium levels and an increase(More)