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Dermatan sulfates with the same backbone structure [4-alpha-L-IdceA-1-->3-beta-D-GalNAc-1]n but with different patterns of sulfation substitutions have been isolated from the ascidian body. All the ascidian dermatan sulfates have a high content of 2-O-sulfated alpha-L-iduronic acid residues but differ in the pattern of sulfation of the(More)
A polysaccharide isolated from the body wall of the sea cucumber Ludwigothurea grisea has a backbone like that of mammalian chondroitin sulfate: [4-beta-D-GlcA-1-->3-beta-D-GalNAc-1]n but substituted at the 3-position of the beta--glucuronic acid residues with sulfated alpha--fucopyranosyl branches (Vieira, R. P., Mulloy, B., and Mourão, P. A. S. (1991) J.(More)
Several sulfated polysaccharides have been isolated from the test cells of the ascidian Styela plicata. The preponderant polysaccharide is a highly sulfated heparan sulfate with the following disaccharide composition: (1) UA(2SO4)-1-->4 GlcN(SO4)(6SO4), 53%; (2) UA(2SO4)-1-->4-GlcN(SO4), 22%; (3) UA-1-->4-GlcNAc(6SO4), 14% and (4) UA-1-->4-GlcN(SO4), 11%.(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer-associated thrombosis and enduring inflammation are strongly associated with cancer progression and metastasis. Heparin is the mostly clinically used anticoagulant/antithrombotic drug, and has recently been shown to exhibit antimetastatic and anti-inflammatory activities that are linked to inhibition of P-selectin and/or L-selectin.(More)
A dermatan sulfate, similar to the mammalian glycosaminoglycans but not identical with any of them, has been isolated from the body of the ascidian Ascidia nigra. Degradation with chondroitin ABC lyase, analysis of the disaccharide products by digestion with chondro-4- and -6-sulfatases, and 1H and 13C NMR data confirm that the predominant structure is(More)
A dermatan sulfate-like glycosaminoglycan was isolated from the body of the ascidian Ascidia nigra (J. Biol. Chem. 270: 31027-31036, 1995). 1H NMR and fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry (FAB-MS) spectra of the tetra and disaccharides formed by chondroitin ABC lyase digestion support the proposed repeating disaccharide structure for this(More)
The sulfated polysaccharides that occur in the tunic of ascidians differ markedly in molecular weight and chemical composition. A high molecular weight fraction (F-1), which has a high galactose content and a strong negative optical rotation, is present in all species. Several structural differences were observed among the F-1 fractions obtained from three(More)
We compared the anticoagulant, antithrombotic and bleeding effects of highly sulfated dermatan sulfates from invertebrates and their mammalian counterpart. An invertebrate dermatan sulfate containing 2-O-sulfated alpha-L-iduronic acid and 4-O-sulfated N-acetyl-beta-D-galactosamine residues is a potent anticoagulant due to a high heparin cofactor II(More)
Brain-specific chondroitin sulfate (CS) proteoglycan (PG) DSD-1-PG/6B4-PG/phosphacan isolated from neonatal mouse brains exhibits neurite outgrowth-promoting activity toward embryonic rat and mouse hippocampal neurons in vitro through the so-called DSD-1 epitope embedded in its glycosaminoglycan side chains. Oversulfated CS variants, CS-D from shark(More)
Oversulfated chondroitin sulfate (CS), dermatan sulfate (DS), and CS/DS hybrid structures bind growth factors, promote the neurite outgrowth of hippocampal neurons in vitro, and have been implicated in the development of the brain. To investigate the expression of functional oversulfated DS structures in the brain, a novel monoclonal antibody (mAb), 2A12,(More)