Mauro Pluderi

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Angiogenesis, tumor cell proliferation, and migration are the hallmarks of solid tumors, such as gliomas. This study demonstrates that a fragment derived from the autocatalytic digestion of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, called PEX, acts simultaneously as an inhibitor of glioma angiogenesis, cell proliferation, and migration. PEX is detected in the(More)
This study evaluates the efficacy of the combination of an antiangiogenic drug and conventional chemotherapeutics for the treatment of experimental human gliomas. As an antiangiogenic, we used recombinant human PEX, a fragment of matrix metalloproteinase-2 that we have previously shown to have a significant antimitotic, anti-invasive, and antiangiogenic(More)
An excellent outcome after microvascular decompression for medically intractable trigeminal neuralgia in patients with multiple sclerosis is reported in seven of 15 cases. A dual cause could be hypothesised in some patients with multiple sclerosis and trigeminal neuralgia, and that microvascular decompression can be a therapeutic option.
OBJECTIVE The biological features of malignant gliomas include high cell proliferation, extensive local infiltration of tumor cells into normal brain, and marked neovascularization. alphavbeta3 integrin is highly expressed in malignant gliomas and plays a role in glioma growth. This article investigates the in vitro and in vivo effects of a synthetic(More)
A few peptide residues in structurally important locations often determine biological functions of proteins implicated in the regulation of angiogenesis. We have shown recently that the short COOH-terminal segment PF-4(47-70) derived from platelet factor 4 (PF-4) is the smallest sequence that conserves potent antiangiogenic activity in vitro and in vivo.(More)
Glioma recurrences develop at the borders of the surgical cavity and are the main cause of their poor prognosis. There are no therapeutic advances to reduce the incidence of recurrence or animal models that closely mimic the clinical scenario to evaluate novel therapeutics. This work investigates the efficacy of endogenous inhibitors, in preventing the(More)
The systemic administration of endogenous inhibitors significantly reduced the growth of human glioma in vivo, but required the production of a large amount of biologically active protein. In this study we reduced the amount of protein needed and optimized the therapeutical response by delivering the endogenous inhibitors locally into the brain by osmotic(More)
OBJECT The authors studied the microsurgical anatomy and endoscopic features of the pineal region and third ventricle to describe a combined microsurgical-endoscopic infratentorial-supracerebellar approach to the posterior third ventricle. Such an approach exposes the pineal gland and its complex neurovascular structures so that the third ventricle can be(More)
AIM The growth of gliomas depends on the balance of factors stimulating or inhibiting angiogenesis, tumor cell invasion and proliferation. The administration of endogenous inhibitors to experimental human gliomas in animal models resulted in a significant inhibition of tumor growth. It is becoming apparent that resistance can develop over time to many types(More)
Platelets can serve as general markers of mitochondrial (dys)function during several human diseases. Whether this holds true even during sepsis is unknown. Using spectrophotometry, we measured mitochondrial respiratory chain biochemistry in platelets and triceps brachii muscle of thirty patients with septic shock (within 24 hours from admission to Intensive(More)