Mauro Petretta

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Mammalian nucleotide excision repair (NER) eliminates carcinogen-DNA adducts by double endonucleolytic cleavage and subsequent release of 24-32 nucleotide-long single-stranded fragments. Here we manipulated the deoxyribose-phosphate backbone of DNA to analyze the mechanism by which damaged strands are discriminated as substrates for dual incision. We found(More)
BACKGROUND Deoxyribosylnucleotide radicals with a radical center at the 4'-position are important intermediates in radical-induced DNA strand cleavage. In the presence of O2, these DNA radicals yield cleavage products that are partly oxidized. In the past, the postulated peroxide intermediates could not be detected directly because they were unstable under(More)
Many genotoxic agents form base lesions that inhibit DNA polymerases. To study the mechanism underlying termination of DNA synthesis on defective templates, we tested the capacity of a model enzyme (Klenow fragment of Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I) to catalyze primer elongation across a series of C4' deoxyribose derivatives. A site with inverted C4'(More)
Sorption thermodynamics of water in two glassy polymers, polyetherimide (PEI) and polyetheretherketone (PEEK), is investigated by coupling gravimetry and on line FTIR spectroscopy in order to gather information on the total amount of sorbed water as well as on the different species of water molecules absorbed within the polymers, addressing the issue of(More)
BACKGROUND The genetic integrity of living organisms is maintained by a complex network of DNA repair pathways. Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is a versatile process that excises bulky base modifications from DNA. To study the substrate range of this system, we constructed bulky deoxyribose adducts that do not affect the chemistry of the corresponding(More)
This review is intended to give a state of the art description of scaffold-based strategies utilized in Bone Tissue Engineering. Numerous scaffolds have been tested in the orthopedic field with the aim of improving cell viability, attachment, proliferation and homing, osteogenic differentiation, vascularization, host integration and load bearing. The main(More)
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