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Neurocritical care depends, in part, on careful patient monitoring but as yet there are little data on what processes are the most important to monitor, how these should be monitored, and whether monitoring these processes is cost-effective and impacts outcome. At the same time, bioinformatics is a rapidly emerging field in critical care but as yet there is(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific cytolytic activity is mediated mostly by CD4+CTL in humans. CD4+CTL kill infected target cells by inducing Fas (APO-1/CD95)-mediated apoptosis. We have examined the effect of Fas ligand (FasL)-induced apoptosis of human macrophages infected in vitro with M. tuberculosis on the viability of the intracellular bacilli. Human(More)
PURPOSE Experimental evidence suggests that lactate is neuroprotective after acute brain injury; however, data in humans are lacking. We examined whether exogenous lactate supplementation improves cerebral energy metabolism in humans with traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS We prospectively studied 15 consecutive patients with severe TBI monitored with(More)
OBJECTIVES Therapeutic hypothermia has been recommended for postcardiac arrest coma due to ventricular fibrillation. However, no studies have evaluated whether therapeutic hypothermia could be effectively implemented in intensive care practice and whether it would improve the outcome of all comatose patients with cardiac arrest, including those with shock(More)
OBJECTIVES To analyze the effect of tight glycemic control with the use of intensive insulin therapy on cerebral glucose metabolism in patients with severe brain injury. DESIGN Retrospective analysis of a prospective observational cohort. SETTING University hospital neurologic intensive care unit. PATIENTS Twenty patients (median age 59 yrs) monitored(More)
OBJECTIVES EEG and serum neuron-specific enolase (NSE) are used for outcome prognostication in patients with postanoxic coma; however, it is unclear if EEG abnormalities reflect transient neuronal dysfunction or neuronal death. To assess this question, EEG abnormalities were correlated with NSE. Moreover, NSE cutoff values and hypothermic EEG features(More)
BACKGROUND Angiographic studies suggest that acute vasospasm within 48 h of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) predicts symptomatic vasospasm. However, the value of transcranial Doppler within 48 h of SAH is unknown. METHODS We analyzed 199 patients who had at least 1 middle cerebral artery (MCA) transcranial Doppler examination within 48 h of SAH(More)
Auditory evoked potentials are informative of intact cortical functions of comatose patients. The integrity of auditory functions evaluated using mismatch negativity paradigms has been associated with their chances of survival. However, because auditory discrimination is assessed at various delays after coma onset, it is still unclear whether this(More)
AIMS Estimates of the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in patients with life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias related to coronary artery disease (CAD) have rarely been reported despite it has become the basis for determining patient's eligibility for prophylactic defibrillator. We aimed to determine the extent and distribution of reduced LVEF in(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW An important goal of neurocritical care is the management of secondary brain injury (SBI), that is pathological events occurring after primary insult that add further burden to outcome. Brain oedema, cerebral ischemia, energy dysfunction, seizures and systemic insults are the main components of SBI. We here review recent data showing the(More)