Learn More
Release of hemoglobin into plasma is a physiological phenomenon associated with intravascular hemolysis. In plasma, stable haptoglobin-hemoglobin complexes are formed and these are subsequently delivered to the reticulo-endothelial system by CD163 receptor-mediated endocytosis. Heme arising from the degradation of hemoglobin, myoglobin, and of enzymes with(More)
Neuromelanin is a dark brown pigment suspected of being involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. This pigment can be isolated from normal human substantia nigra by a procedure that includes an extensive proteolytic treatment. In this study we used such a procedure to extract the neuromelanin pigment from a pool of substantia nigra from patients(More)
Human serum albumin (HSA), the most abundant protein in plasma, is a monomeric multi-domain macromolecule, representing the main determinant of plasma oncotic pressure and the main modulator of fluid distribution between body compartments. HSA displays an extraordinary ligand binding capacity, providing a depot and carrier for many endogenous and exogenous(More)
New insights into the understanding of the changes induced in the iron domain of neuromelanin (NM) upon development of Parkinson's disease (PD) have been gained by electron paramagnetic spectroscopy (EPR). The results of this study are compared with a previously reported variable temperature analysis of X-band EPR spectra of a NM specimen obtained from(More)
Pigmentation of neurons in substantia nigra is due to neuromelanin, a pigment that stores large amounts of iron. Human mesencephalic neuromelanin has been investigated by means of magnetic susceptibility measurements as a function of temperature. Magnetic measurements provide a physico-chemical characterization of the iron cluster buried in the organic(More)
Nuclear Magnetic Relaxation field-cycling relaxometry is a technique, able to report on water mobility in tissues. By means of this technique, post-mortem specimens from both controls and idiopathic Parkinson's disease patients have been investigated. Results show different relaxometric behavior between the groups, which is consistent with protein(More)
The interactions between iron and neuromelanin (NM) have been studied by means of EPR spectroscopy. The variable temperature EPR spectral features of a specimen of NM extracted from normal human midbrains clearly indicate that iron is present as polynuclear oxy-hydroxy ferric aggregates as well as isolated Fe(III) centres. Ferric oxy-hydroxy phases are(More)
Diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) is currently assessed by the clinical evaluation of extrapyramidal signs. The identification of specific biomarkers would be advisable, however most studies stop at the discovery phase, with no biomarkers reaching clinical exploitation. To this purpose, we developed an automated literature analysis procedure to retrieve(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the most common age-related movement disorder, with a prevalence of approximately 2% among people over 65 years of age. The diagnosis of PD is currently based on the clinical manifestations of the disease; therefore, the availability of peripheral biomarkers would have a great impact. In this review, we discuss and compare(More)
Hemalbumin [i.e., Fe(III)-protoporphyrin IX-human serum albumin; Fe(III)heme-HSA] is an important intermediate in the recovery of heme iron following hemolysis. Relaxometric data are consistent with the occurrence of a hexacoordinated high-spin Fe(III) center with no water in the inner coordination sphere. The relatively high relaxation enhancement observed(More)