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Human serum albumin (HSA), the most abundant protein in plasma, is a monomeric multi-domain macromolecule, representing the main determinant of plasma oncotic pressure and the main modulator of fluid distribution between body compartments. HSA displays an extraordinary ligand binding capacity, providing a depot and carrier for many endogenous and exogenous(More)
Haem binding to human serum albumin (HSA) endows the protein with peculiar spectroscopic properties. Here, the effect of ibuprofen and warfarin on the spectroscopic properties of ferric haem-human serum albumin (ferric HSA-haem) and of ferrous nitrosylated haem-human serum albumin (ferrous HSA-haem-NO) is reported. Ferric HSA-haem is hexa-coordinated, the(More)
The x-ray crystal structure of the fluoride derivative of ferric sperm whale (Physeter catodon) myoglobin (Mb) has been determined at 2.5 A resolution (R = 0.187) by difference Fourier techniques. The fluoride anion, sitting in the central part of the heme distal site and coordinated to the heme iron, is hydrogen bonded to the distal His(64)E7 NE2 atom and(More)
Neuromelanin is a dark brown pigment suspected of being involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. This pigment can be isolated from normal human substantia nigra by a procedure that includes an extensive proteolytic treatment. In this study we used such a procedure to extract the neuromelanin pigment from a pool of substantia nigra from patients(More)
Hemalbumin [i.e., Fe(III)-protoporphyrin IX-human serum albumin; Fe(III)heme-HSA] is an important intermediate in the recovery of heme iron following hemolysis. Relaxometric data are consistent with the occurrence of a hexacoordinated high-spin Fe(III) center with no water in the inner coordination sphere. The relatively high relaxation enhancement observed(More)
Diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) is currently assessed by the clinical evaluation of extrapyramidal signs. The identification of specific biomarkers would be advisable, however most studies stop at the discovery phase, with no biomarkers reaching clinical exploitation. To this purpose, we developed an automated literature analysis procedure to retrieve(More)
Impaired dopamine homeostasis is an early event in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. Generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species consequent to dopamine oxidation leads to mitochondrial dysfunction and eventually cell death. Alterations in the mitochondrial proteome due to dopamine exposure were investigated in the SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma(More)
The ibuprofen primary binding site FA3-FA4 is located in domain III of human serum albumin (HSA), the secondary clefts FA2 and FA6 being sited in domains I and II. Here, the thermodynamics of ibuprofen binding to recombinant Asp1-Glu382 truncated HSA (tHSA)-heme-Fe(III) and nitrosylated tHSA-heme-Fe(II), encompassing domains I and II only, is reported.(More)
Dopaminergic human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were stably transformed to increase expression of alpha-synuclein, a Parkinson's disease-related protein. Transformed cells were more resistant to oxidative insults, showing a cytoprotective role of alpha-synuclein. The expression of redox chaperonins (DJ-1, HSP70, and 14-3-3) was evaluated by Western blotting.(More)
This paper deals with the nuclear magnetic resonance characterization of a soluble derivative (melanin free acid) of Sepia melanin obtained by a peroxidative treatment of the parent (insoluble) species. High resolution 13C and 15N solid state NMR spectroscopies allow the assessment of the chemical changes occurring in the macromolecule upon solubilization.(More)