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Dopaminergic human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were stably transformed to increase expression of alpha-synuclein, a Parkinson's disease-related protein. Transformed cells were more resistant to oxidative insults, showing a cytoprotective role of alpha-synuclein. The expression of redox chaperonins (DJ-1, HSP70, and 14-3-3) was evaluated by Western blotting.(More)
Parkinson's disease is a common neurodegenerative disorder with a mainly sporadic aetiology, although a number of monogenic familiar forms are known. Most of the motor symptoms are due to selective depletion of dopaminergic, neuromelanin-containing neurones of the substantia nigra pars compacta. Neuromelanin is the dark insoluble macromolecule that confers(More)
In this review, we report how proteomic methodologies have been used to investigate cellular and animal models of Parkinson's disease (PD), with a special focus on alpha-synuclein. PD is a complex, multifactorial neurodegenerative disease affecting approximately 2% of the population over 65 years of age, pathologically characterized by alpha-synuclein(More)
The pigmentation of substantia nigra pars compacta dopaminergic neurons is due to the presence of neuromelanin, an irregular macro-molecular pigment belonging to the family of melanins. Depletion of neuromelanin in Parkinson's disease is typically indicated by loss of brown color in this area. Unlike that from controls, the pigment extracted from substantia(More)
Altered dopamine homeostasis is an accepted mechanism in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. α-Synuclein overexpression and impaired disposal contribute to this mechanism. However, biochemical alterations associated with the interplay of cytosolic dopamine and increased α-synuclein are still unclear. Catecholaminergic SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells(More)
The diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) is currently based on the clinical evaluation of extrapyramidal signs with a considerable error rate. The identification of specific markers might allow PD diagnosis before the onset of classical motor symptoms. By two-dimensional electrophoresis we identified proteome alterations in T-lymphocytes of 17 control(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a complex neurodegenerative disease whose etiology has not been completely characterized. Many cellular processes have been proposed to play a role in the neuronal damage and loss: defects in the proteosomal activity, altered protein processing, increased reactive oxygen species burden. Among them, the involvement of a decreased(More)
The pigmentation of substantia nigra pars compacta dopaminergic neurons is due to the presence of neuromelanin, an irregular macromolecular pigment belonging to the family of melanins. Depletion of neuromelanin in Parkinson's disease is typically indicated by loss of brown color in this area. Unlike that from controls, the pigment extracted from substantia(More)
Pigmentation of neurons in substantia nigra is due to neuromelanin, a pigment that stores large amounts of iron. Human mesencephalic neuromelanin has been investigated by means of magnetic susceptibility measurements as a function of temperature. Magnetic measurements provide a physico-chemical characterization of the iron cluster buried in the organic(More)
Human alpha-synuclein is a 140-amino acid protein of unknown function abundantly expressed in the brain and found in Lewy bodies, a characteristic feature of Parkinson's disease. Alpha-synuclein is random in water under physiological conditions, but the first approximately 100 residues interact with SDS micelles or acidic phospholipid small unilamellar(More)