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Impaired dopamine homeostasis is an early event in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. Generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species consequent to dopamine oxidation leads to mitochondrial dysfunction and eventually cell death. Alterations in the mitochondrial proteome due to dopamine exposure were investigated in the SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma(More)
Dopaminergic human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were stably transformed to increase expression of alpha-synuclein, a Parkinson's disease-related protein. Transformed cells were more resistant to oxidative insults, showing a cytoprotective role of alpha-synuclein. The expression of redox chaperonins (DJ-1, HSP70, and 14-3-3) was evaluated by Western blotting.(More)
Parkinson's disease is a common neurodegenerative disorder with a mainly sporadic aetiology, although a number of monogenic familiar forms are known. Most of the motor symptoms are due to selective depletion of dopaminergic, neuromelanin-containing neurones of the substantia nigra pars compacta. Neuromelanin is the dark insoluble macromolecule that confers(More)
In this review, we report how proteomic methodologies have been used to investigate cellular and animal models of Parkinson's disease (PD), with a special focus on alpha-synuclein. PD is a complex, multifactorial neurodegenerative disease affecting approximately 2% of the population over 65 years of age, pathologically characterized by alpha-synuclein(More)
The pigmentation of substantia nigra pars compacta dopaminergic neurons is due to the presence of neuromelanin, an irregular macromolecular pigment belonging to the family of melanins. Depletion of neuromelanin in Parkinson's disease is typically indicated by loss of brown color in this area. Unlike that from controls, the pigment extracted from substantia(More)
MOTIVATION The two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) pattern of proteins is thought to be specifically related to the physiological or pathological condition at the moment of sample preparation. On this ground, most proteomic studies move to identify specific hallmarks for a number of different conditions. However, the information arising from these(More)
Nuclear Magnetic Relaxation field-cycling relaxometry is a technique, able to report on water mobility in tissues. By means of this technique, post-mortem specimens from both controls and idiopathic Parkinson's disease patients have been investigated. Results show different relaxometric behavior between the groups, which is consistent with protein(More)
Altered dopamine homeostasis is an accepted mechanism in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. α-Synuclein overexpression and impaired disposal contribute to this mechanism. However, biochemical alterations associated with the interplay of cytosolic dopamine and increased α-synuclein are still unclear. Catecholaminergic SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells(More)
More than 60 years after their isolation and characterization, aminoglycoside (AG) antibiotics remain powerful agents in the treatment of severe gram-negative, enterococcal or mycobacterial infections. However, the clinical use of AGs is hampered by nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity, which often develop as a consequence of prolonged courses of therapy, or of(More)