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Lily pollen tubes possess a steep, tip-focused intracellular Ca2+ gradient and a tip-directed extracellular Ca2+ influx. Ratiometric ion imaging revealed that the gradient extends from above 3.0 microM at the apex to approximately 0.2 microM within 20 microns from the tip, while application of the Ca(2+)-specific vibrating electrode indicated that the(More)
A simple and universally applicable protocol for extracting high-quality proteins from recalcitrant plant tissues is described. We have used the protocol with no modification, for a wide range of leaves and fruits. In all cases, this protocol allows to obtain good electrophoretic separation of proteins. As the protocol is rapid, universal, and compatible(More)
The purpose of this research is to establish a routine procedure for the application of proteomic analysis to olive tree. Olive leaf tissue is notoriously recalcitrant to common protein extraction methods due to high levels of interfering compounds. We developed a protocol for isolating proteins suitable for two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) from olive(More)
A collection of 1005 grapevine accessions was genotyped at 34 microsatellite loci (SSR) with the aim of analysing genetic diversity and exploring parentages. The comparison of molecular profiles revealed 200 groups of synonymy. The removal of perfect synonyms reduced the database to 745 unique genotypes, on which population genetic parameters were(More)
The monoclonal antibodies MAC 207 and JIM 8, recognizing arabinogalactan epitopes, were used to localize the corresponding antigenic sites in pollen tubes of Nicotiana tabacum L. grown in vitro or semi in vivo. The analysis of the immunofluorescence labelling was performed by means of confocal laser scanning microscopy. Most pollen tubes were labelled along(More)
Pectin methylesterases (PMEs) were detected in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) pollen tubes grown in vitro. Seven PME isoforms exhibiting a wide isoelectric-point (pI) range (5.3–9.1) were found in crude extracts of pollen tubes. These isoforms were mainly retrieved in supernatants after low- and high-speed separation of the crude extract. Two isoforms, with(More)
Pollen tube growth depends on the differential distribution of organelles and vesicles along the tube. The role of microtubules in organelle movement is uncertain, mainly because information at the molecular level is limited. In an effort to understand the molecular basis of microtubule-based movement, we isolated from tobacco pollen tubes polypeptides that(More)
The cytoskeletal organisation of the isolated embryo sac and egg cells of Plumbago zeylanica was examined before, during and after pollen tube penetration into the embryo sac to determine the potential involvement of microtubules and actin filaments in fertilisation. Material was singly and triply stained using Hoechst 33258 to localise DNA, fluorescein(More)
The pollen tube is a cellular system that plays a fundamental role during the process of fertilization in higher plants. Because it is so important, the pollen tube has been subjected to intensive studies with the aim of understanding its biology. The pollen tube represents a fascinating model for studying interactions between the internal cytoskeletal(More)
A cytoskeletal apparatus is involved in the movement of vesicles, organelles, and gametes in the pollen tube. The function of microfilaments has been defined quite precisely, but the role of microtubules needs to be further clarified. On the basis of immunological and biochemical investigations, we have identified a polypeptide showing common properties(More)