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BACKGROUND Scale-invariant neuronal avalanches have been observed in cell cultures and slices as well as anesthetized and awake brains, suggesting that the brain operates near criticality, i.e. within a narrow margin between avalanche propagation and extinction. In theory, criticality provides many desirable features for the behaving brain, optimizing(More)
Sensory arrays made of coupled excitable elements can improve both their input sensitivity and dynamic range due to collective nonlinear wave properties. This mechanism is studied in a neural network of electrically coupled (e.g., via gap junctions) elements subject to a Poisson signal process. The network response interpolates between a Weber-Fechner(More)
We study the response properties of d-dimensional hypercubic excitable networks to a stochastic stimulus. Each site, modeled either by a three-state stochastic susceptible-infected-recovered-susceptible system or by the probabilistic Greenberg-Hastings cellular automaton, is continuously and independently stimulated by an external Poisson rate h. The(More)
Experimental data suggest that some classes of spiking neurons in the first layers of sensory systems are electrically coupled via gap junctions or ephaptic interactions. When the electrical coupling is removed, the response function (firing rate vs. stimulus intensity) of the uncoupled neurons typically shows a decrease in dynamic range and sensitivity. In(More)
Since the first experimental evidences of active conductances in dendrites, most neurons have been shown to exhibit dendritic excitability through the expression of a variety of voltage-gated ion channels. However, despite experimental and theoretical efforts undertaken in the past decades, the role of this excitability for some kind of dendritic(More)
BACKGROUND Psychosis has various causes, including mania and schizophrenia. Since the differential diagnosis of psychosis is exclusively based on subjective assessments of oral interviews with patients, an objective quantification of the speech disturbances that characterize mania and schizophrenia is in order. In principle, such quantification could be(More)
When a simple excitable system is continuously stimulated by a Poissonian external source, the response function (mean activity versus stimulus rate) generally shows a linear saturating shape. This is experimentally verified in some classes of sensory neurons, which accordingly present a small dynamic range (defined as the interval of stimulus intensity(More)
We consider the signal compression problem in the peripheral nervous system. We propose a simple mechanism by which the narrow dynamical range observed experimentally in isolated sensory neurons translates into a wide dynamical range as a result of excitable waves and synchronization phenomena which provides self-limited amplification. The mechanism is(More)
When each site of a spatially extended excitable medium is independently driven by a Poisson stimulus with rate h , the interplay between creation and annihilation of excitable waves leads to an average activity F . It has recently been suggested that in the low-stimulus regime (h approximately 0) the response function F(h) of hypercubic deterministic(More)