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Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are frequently used as analgesics. Although the results of clinical studies indicate considerable disparity in the analgesic efficacy of NSAIDs, the pre-clinical models generally used for the study of nociception do not allow a clear distinction to be made between the analgesic properties of agents belonging to(More)
BACKGROUND We examined the changes in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) after intraplantar administration of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) in rats. In addition, we investigated whether different analgesic drugs orally administered at antihyperalgesic doses were able to prevent(More)
Surgery stress has been shown to be associated in rat with decreased natural killer (NK) cell activity and enhancement of tumor metastasis. We have previously shown that the analgesic drug tramadol stimulates NK activity both in the rodent and in the human. In the present study, we analyze, in the rat, tramadol ability to prevent the effect of experimental(More)
Cytokines are known to influence neuronal functions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the putative role of the cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the pathways involved in opioid-mediated responses, by using IL-6-deficient mice. We reported that with a thermal stimulus IL-6-knock-out (IL-6KO) mice presented nociceptive thresholds similar to those(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a cytokine shown to affect brain function and to be involved in pathological neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the present study we investigated the cognitive function in transgenic mice not expressing IL-6 (IL-6 KO) and in wild type (WT) genotype at 4 and 12 months of age, using a passive avoidance and(More)
Autotomy and the concentrations of beta-endorphin and Met-enkephalin in brain areas and the spinal cord were measured in Sprague Dawley, Wistar and Wistar Lewis rats thirty-five days after the section of one sciatic nerve. As expected, autotomy developed in Sprague Dawley and Wistar, but not in Wistar Lewis rats. In the Wistar Lewis, brain and spinal cord(More)
In spite of the increasing evidence concerning its neurotoxicity, young human individuals are often involved in the recreational use of amphetamine-type stimulants such as 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or "ecstasy"). A study aimed to investigate short- and long-term consequences of a repeated and intermittent MDMA administration (0, 5 or 10 mg/kg(More)
After intracerebroventricular administration, both interleukin-1 alpha and corticotropin-releasing hormone increase nociceptive thresholds evaluated by the hot-plate test in the rat. Pretreatment with 6-hydroxydopamine or prazosin fully prevents the action of both substances. Moreover, the effect of interleukin-1 alpha is completely blocked by the(More)
We previously described a rat model where the injection of formalin in the tail induced a facilitation of the hindpaw withdrawal reflexes (hyperalgesia). In the present work, after injecting formalin in the tail, we measured the levels of pro-nociceptive mediators tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) and substance P (SP) in the rat paws. A significant increase(More)