Mauro Bianchi

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Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a cytokine shown to affect brain function and to be involved in pathological neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the present study we investigated the cognitive function in transgenic mice not expressing IL-6 (IL-6 KO) and in wild type (WT) genotype at 4 and 12 months of age, using a passive avoidance and(More)
This research investigates the relationship between regulatory focus and construal level. The findings indicate that promotion-focused individuals are more likely to construe information at abstract, high levels, whereas those with a prevention focus are more likely to construe information at concrete, low levels (experiments 1 and 2). Further, such fit(More)
UNLABELLED There has been growing interest in determining the possible immune consequences of opioid administration for the management of postoperative pain. We studied the effects of morphine and tramadol on pain and immune function during the postoperative period in 30 patients undergoing abdominal surgery for uterine carcinoma.(More)
Exposure to hypoxia (PO2 = 9 +/- 1 torr) increased human peripheral blood mononuclear cell production and secretion of interleukin-1 (IL-1)alpha, IL-1 beta, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) percent of control = 190% for IL-1 alpha, p = 0.014; 219% for IL-1 beta, p = 0.014; and 243% for TNF, p = 0.037) following treatment with endotoxin (1 ng/ml). Hypoxia(More)
This study set out to clarify whether the inhibition of sterol or nonsterol derivatives arising from mevalonate biotransformation plays a major role in the in vivo anti-inflammatory action of statins. Hepatic synthesis of all these derivatives was inhibited in mice by administered statins, whereas squalestatin inhibited only sterol derivatives. Using a(More)
To extend the knowledge on the central effects of cytokines, we studied the effects of tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin-1 alpha on nociceptive thresholds and spontaneous locomotor activity in rats. After central administration, both tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin-1 alpha significantly (P < 0.001) increase the nociceptive thresholds(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a cytokine released by activated immune cells which has been shown to affect brain function. In this experiment aggressive and affiliative behaviour exhibited during agonistic encounters by transgenic male mice either not expressing (IL-6 -/-) or overexpressing (NSE-hIL-6) IL-6 in the central nervous system was investigated. All(More)
The antinociceptive properties of cannabinoids in persistent pain are not fully elucidated. We investigated the effect of repeated treatment with the synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN 55,212-2 on the neuropathic pain induced in rats by chronic constriction of the sciatic nerve. WIN 55,212-2 administered daily throughout the development of(More)
The cDNA coding for xanthine dehydrogenase (XD) is isolated from mouse liver mRNA by cross-hybridization with a DNA fragment of the Drosophila melanogaster homologue. Two lambda bacteriophage overlapping clones represent the copy of a 4538-nucleotide-residue-long transcript with an open reading frame of 4005 nucleotide residues, coding for a putative(More)
OBJECTIVE Plasma concentration of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), a major endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, is considered a novel risk factor for endothelial dysfunction associated with enhanced atherosclerosis. Coronary microcirculation abnormalities have been demonstrated in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA) without any signs(More)