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BACKGROUND Migraine is generally considered a functional brain disorder lacking structural abnormalities. Recent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies, however, suggested that migraine may be associated with subtle brain lesions. OBJECTIVE We evaluated the presence of global or focal gray or white matter alterations in migraine patients using(More)
Patients with cerebellar lesions present some affective and cognitive disorders, defining a peculiar pattern of cognitive impairment, so-called cerebellar cognitive affective syndrome. This pattern has been confirmed in many genotypes of spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA), a group of genetically defined pathologies characterized by the degeneration of the(More)
Eight relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) patients were tested for the level of transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFbeta1) mRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells every 15 days for 6 months. Disease activity was evaluated every 4 weeks by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and neurological examination. An inverse correlation was found between the(More)
INTRODUCTION We report the experiences of 25 Italian centers, analyzing intra- and periprocedural complications of endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms using Silk (Balt Extrusion, Montmorency, France) and pipeline embolization devices (EV3 Inc, Irvine California). METHODS Two hundred seventy-three patients with 295 cerebral aneurysms, enrolled(More)
Cervical artery dissection is an important cause of stroke in young patients and accounts of 10%-20% of stroke or TIA in patients aged less than 50 years. Basilar artery occlusion (BAO) is an infrequent cause of acute stroke, which invariably leads to death or long-term disability if not recanalized. We describe three patients with BAO caused by vertebral(More)
Cerebellum seems to have a role both in feeding behavior and emotion regulation; therefore, it is a region that warrants further neuroimaging studies in eating disorders, severe conditions that determine a significant impairment in the physical and psychological domain. The aim of this study was to examine the cerebellum intrinsic connectivity during(More)
BACKGROUND The three interferon beta preparations approved for treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) differ in dose and frequency of administration. Interferon beta-1a 30 microg is administered once a week, interferon beta-1a 22 microg or 44 microg is given three times a week, and interferon beta-1b 250 microg is administered on alternate(More)
BACKGROUND After open surgery for ruptured ACoA aneurysms, several patients who have achieved a favourable neurological outcome still exhibit significant cognitive deficits. The aim of this study was to investigate the cognitive performances in patients with ACoA aneurysms submitted to different therapeutic options such as endovascular treatment and(More)
Propofol, an intravenous general anaesthetic, has been reported to relieve some forms of pruritus at subhypnotic doses. We assessed its effectiveness in 32 patients with several kinds of non-malignant chronic pain, in a placebo-controlled, double-blind study. We found that central pain, but not neuropathic pain, is at least partially controlled by propofol(More)
BACKGROUND De novo cavernoma, reported with the familial form of disease, is rare in cases with a negative family history. Cranial radiation, coexistent vascular malformation, genetic and hormonal factors, previous surgery for intracranial lesions, or other apparently unrelated intracranial lesions have been reported as risk factors. METHODS We report a(More)