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Specific antisera were raised in rabbits against column-purified myosins from a slow avian muscle, the chicken anterior latissimus dorsi (ALD), and a slow-twitch mammalian muscle, the guinea pig soleus (SOL). The antisera were labeled with fluorescein and applied to sections of muscles from various vertebrae species. Two distinct categories of the slow(More)
Controlled mechanical ventilation (CMV) plays a key role in triggering the impaired diaphragm muscle function and the concomitant delayed weaning from the respirator in critically ill intensive care unit (ICU) patients. To date, experimental and clinical studies have primarily focused on early effects on the diaphragm by CMV, or at specific time points. To(More)
Antioxidant administration aimed to antagonize the development and progression of disuse muscle atrophy provided controversial results. Here we investigated the effects of curcumin, a vegetal polyphenol with pleiotropic biological activity, because of its ability to upregulate glucose-regulated protein 94 kDa (Grp94) expression in myogenic cells. Grp94 is a(More)
Synapsin I and synaptophysin (protein p38) are 2 major protein components of the membranes of small synaptic vesicles of virtually all presynaptic nerve endings. Synapsin I, a phosphoprotein regulated by both Ca2+ and cAMP, is a peripheral protein of the cytoplasmic surface of the vesicle membrane. It is thought to anchor the vesicle surface to the(More)
We have compared the efficiency of direct gene transfer in normal and regenerating rat skeletal muscle. Muscle necrosis and regeneration was induced by intramuscular injection of bupivacaine in the soleus muscle of adult rats. Plasmids containing beta-galactosidase (beta-gal) or chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) genes driven by viral promoters were(More)
Increase in free intracellular calcium [Ca 2+]i plays a crucial role in cardiomyocyte ischemic injury. Here we demonstrate that overexpression of the sarcoplasmic-reticulum stress-protein Grp94 reduces myocyte necrosis due to calcium overload or simulated ischemia. Selective three- to eightfold Grp94 increase, with no change in Grp78 or calreticulin amount,(More)
BACKGROUND During myocardial ischemia, the increase in cytosolic Ca2+ promotes the activation of neutral proteases such as calpains. Since the troponin T subunit is a substrate for calpains, we investigated the effects of irreversible myocyte damage on troponin T immunoreactivity. METHODS AND RESULTS Hearts from adult guinea pigs (n=32) were perfused(More)
Using the anti-neurofilament monoclonal antibody iC8 we report here that muscle fibers of the conduction system of the adult and developing rabbit heart express a cytoskeletal protein antigenically and electrophoretically similar to the middle subunit of neurofilaments (NF-M). In the 11-day embryo a number of cardiac muscle cells also express a neural crest(More)
We have used a panel of monoclonal antibodies directed against the low, middle and high molecular weight subunits of neurofilament triplet, to study their expression in mouse cerebellar granule cells. We demonstrate that in situ such cells only express the 2 lower molecular weight subunits either at various developmental stages or in the adult. The same(More)
The pacemaker current I(f) of the sinoatrial node (SAN) is a major determinant of cardiac diastolic depolarization and plays a key role in controlling heart rate and its modulation by neurotransmitters. Substantial expression of two different mRNAs (HCN4, HCN1) of the family of pacemaker channels (HCN) is found in rabbit SAN, suggesting that the native(More)