Learn More
Specific antisera were raised in rabbits against column-purified myosins from a slow avian muscle, the chicken anterior latissimus dorsi (ALD), and a slow-twitch mammalian muscle, the guinea pig soleus (SOL). The antisera were labeled with fluorescein and applied to sections of muscles from various vertebrae species. Two distinct categories of the slow(More)
Using the anti-neurofilament monoclonal antibody iC8 we report here that muscle fibers of the conduction system of the adult and developing rabbit heart express a cytoskeletal protein antigenically and electrophoretically similar to the middle subunit of neurofilaments (NF-M). In the 11-day embryo a number of cardiac muscle cells also express a neural crest(More)
We have used a panel of monoclonal antibodies directed against the low, middle and high molecular weight subunits of neurofilament triplet, to study their expression in mouse cerebellar granule cells. We demonstrate that in situ such cells only express the 2 lower molecular weight subunits either at various developmental stages or in the adult. The same(More)
Synapsin I and synaptophysin (protein p38) are 2 major protein components of the membranes of small synaptic vesicles of virtually all presynaptic nerve endings. Synapsin I, a phosphoprotein regulated by both Ca2+ and cAMP, is a peripheral protein of the cytoplasmic surface of the vesicle membrane. It is thought to anchor the vesicle surface to the(More)
It is presently unknown whether oxidative stress increases in disused skeletal muscle in humans. Markers of oxidative stress were investigated in biopsies from the vastus lateralis muscle, collected from healthy subjects before [time 0 (T0)], after 1 wk (T8), and after 5 wk (T35) of bed rest. An 18% decrease in fiber cross-sectional area was detected in T35(More)
Neurofilament heterogeneity has been demonstrated using a monoclonal antibody (CH1) specific for the 150,000 molecular weight neurofilament subunit. In the peripheral nervous system of adult rats CH1 stained selectively sympathetic and parasympathetic neurons and a subpopulation of small neurons in the sensory dorsal root ganglia. Somatic motor neurons and(More)
We previously showed that skeletal myocytes of the adult rabbit do not accumulate the endoplasmic reticulum glucose-regulated protein GRP94, neither constitutively nor inducibly, at variance with skeletal myocytes during perinatal development (5). Here we show that C2C12 cells up-regulate GRP94 during differentiation and, similarly to primary cultures of(More)
INTRODUCTION The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-response, evoked in mice by the overexpression of class I major histocompatibility complex antigen (MHC-I), was proposed as a major mechanism responsible for skeletal muscle damage and dysfunction in autoimmune myositis. The present study was undertaken to characterize in more detail the ER stress-response(More)
A monoclonal antibody obtained from mice immunized with a crude neurofilament preparation from newborn rat brain revealed the existence of heterogeneity of the 200,000- and 150,000-dalton neurofilament polypeptides. On immunoblot the monoclonal antibody iC8 reacted with both the 200,000- and 150,000-dalton components in the CNS, but only with the(More)
Using indirect immunofluorescence techniques, we have found that calcitonin gene-related peptide-like immunoreactivity is present in the neuromuscular junctions of somatic muscles as well as in almost all motor neurons of the lumbar enlargement of 1-week-old rats. It gradually decreases in both motor neurons and motor nerve endings as the animal grows up(More)