Maurizio Vitadello

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INTRODUCTION The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-response, evoked in mice by the overexpression of class I major histocompatibility complex antigen (MHC-I), was proposed as a major mechanism responsible for skeletal muscle damage and dysfunction in autoimmune myositis. The present study was undertaken to characterize in more detail the ER stress-response(More)
Specific antisera were raised in rabbits against column-purified myosins from a slow avian muscle, the chicken anterior latissimus dorsi (ALD), and a slow-twitch mammalian muscle, the guinea pig soleus (SOL). The antisera were labeled with fluorescein and applied to sections of muscles from various vertebrae species. Two distinct categories of the slow(More)
The pacemaker current I(f) of the sinoatrial node (SAN) is a major determinant of cardiac diastolic depolarization and plays a key role in controlling heart rate and its modulation by neurotransmitters. Substantial expression of two different mRNAs (HCN4, HCN1) of the family of pacemaker channels (HCN) is found in rabbit SAN, suggesting that the native(More)
The gene coding for mouse cardiac troponin I (TnI) has been cloned and sequenced. The cardiac TnI gene contains 8 exons and has an exon-intron organization similar to the quail fast skeletal TnI gene except for the region of exons 1-3, which is highly divergent. Comparative analysis suggests that cardiac TnI exon 1 corresponds to fast TnI exons 1 and 2 and(More)
The glucose-regulated protein GRP94 is a stress-inducible glycoprotein that is known to be constitutively and ubiquitously expressed in the endoplasmic reticulum of mammalian cells. From a rabbit heart cDNA library we isolated four overlapping clones coding for the rabbit homologue of GRP94 mRNA. Northern blot analysis shows that a 3200 nt mRNA species(More)
We have compared the efficiency of direct gene transfer in normal and regenerating rat skeletal muscle. Muscle necrosis and regeneration was induced by intramuscular injection of bupivacaine in the soleus muscle of adult rats. Plasmids containing beta-galactosidase (beta-gal) or chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) genes driven by viral promoters were(More)
Using the anti-neurofilament monoclonal antibody iC8 we report here that muscle fibers of the conduction system of the adult and developing rabbit heart express a cytoskeletal protein antigenically and electrophoretically similar to the middle subunit of neurofilaments (NF-M). In the 11-day embryo a number of cardiac muscle cells also express a neural crest(More)
A battery of polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies raised against the triplet of identified neurofilament protein subunits was used to investigate neurofilament protein immunoreactivity in neurons of the guinea-pig coeliac ganglion. Using optimal conditions of fixation and tissue processing for each antibody we found that only 20% of the postganglionic(More)
BACKGROUND During myocardial ischemia, the increase in cytosolic Ca2+ promotes the activation of neutral proteases such as calpains. Since the troponin T subunit is a substrate for calpains, we investigated the effects of irreversible myocyte damage on troponin T immunoreactivity. METHODS AND RESULTS Hearts from adult guinea pigs (n=32) were perfused(More)
During the development of diabetic neuropathy in the mouse C57BL/Ks (db/db), the axonal transport of AChE molecular forms was tested in the sciatic nerve, by measuring the accumulation of enzyme activity in front of a nerve transection. No alteration of the fast flow rate of G4 and A12 molecular forms was found until 220 days of age. On the other hand, a(More)