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Epigenetic mechanisms are involved in the pathophysiology of depressive disorders and are unique potential targets for therapeutic intervention. The acetylating agent L-acetylcarnitine (LAC), a well-tolerated drug, behaves as an antidepressant by the epigenetic regulation of type 2 metabotropic glutamate (mGlu2) receptors. It caused a rapid and long-lasting(More)
Six novel peptides belonging to the tachykinin and bombesin families were isolated and sequenced from extracts of the skin of the Australian myobatrachid frog Pseudophryne güntheri. One of these peptides (PG-L) was of the bombesin family and may be considered an N-elongation of the litorin/ranatensin molecule, with which it shares an identical spectrum of(More)
Migraine is a common type of headache and its most severe attacks are usually treated with triptans, the efficacy of which is extremely variable. Several SNPs in genes involved in metabolism and target mechanisms of triptans have been described. To define an association between genetic profile and triptan response, we classified a migrainous population on(More)
The structure of a gene coding for bombinin-like peptides (BLP) in Bombina orientalis was determined. It comprises two exons separated by a 1337 bp intron. Exon 1 codes for the signal peptide, while exon 2 contains the genetic information for BLP-7 and a bombinin H-type peptide (GH-2). The promoter region contains putative recognition sites for nuclear(More)
OBJECTIVE A patient presenting with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, bipolar disorder was found to be affected by high iron hemochromatosis. This prompted us to explore the relation between bipolar disorder and iron overload. METHOD We report the case and review the peer-reviewed literature focusing on mood symptoms(More)
Cinnabarinic acid is an endogenous metabolite of the kynurenine pathway that meets the structural requirements to interact with glutamate receptors. We found that cinnabarinic acid acts as a partial agonist of type 4 metabotropic glutamate (mGlu4) receptors, with no activity at other mGlu receptor subtypes. We also tested the activity of cinnabarinic acid(More)
The kynurenine pathway of tryptophan metabolism has been implicated in the pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia. We report here that the kynurenine metabolite, xanturenic acid (XA), interacts with, and activates mGlu2 and mGlu3 metabotropic glutamate receptors in heterologous expression systems. However, the molecular nature of(More)
Acute treatment with positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) of mGlu1 and mGlu5 metabotropic glutamate receptors (RO0711401 and VU0360172, respectively) reduces the incidence of spike-and wave discharges in the WAG/Rij rat model of absence epilepsy. However, from the therapeutic standpoint, it was important to establish whether tolerance developed to the(More)
Esculentin-1 is a 46-amino acid residue peptide isolated from skin secretions of Rana esculenta, displaying the most potent antimicrobial activity among the bioactive molecules found in the secretion, with negligible effects on eukaryotic cell membranes. From skin secretions, the 19-46 fragment of esculentin-1, devoid of antibacterial activity, was also(More)