Maurizio Simmaco

Learn More
Deltorphins are endogenous linear heptapeptides, isolated from skin extracts of frogs belonging to the genus Phyllomedusa, that have a higher affinity and selectivity for delta opioid binding sites than any other natural compound known. Two deltorphins with the sequence Tyr-Ala-Phe-Asp(or Glu)-Val-Val-Gly-NH2 have been isolated from skin extracts of(More)
Amphibian skin secretions contain many biologically active compounds, such as biogenic amines, complex alkaloids, or peptides. Within the latter class of molecules, a large number of peptide antibiotics has been isolated and characterized from different amphibian species. Antimicrobial peptides are considered the effector molecules of innate immunity,(More)
Temporins, antimicrobial peptides of 10-13 residues, were isolated from secretions of Rana temporaria [Simmaco, M., Mignogna, G., Canofeni, S., Miele, R., Mangoni, M.L. & Barra, D. (1996) Eur. J. Biochem. 242, 788-792]. These molecules are specific to this amphibian species, which is also able to secrete on its skin other antimicrobial peptides similar to(More)
Leishmaniasis encompasses a wide range of infections caused by the human parasitic protozoan species belonging to the Leishmania genus. It appears frequently as an opportunistic disease, especially in virus-infected immunodepressed people. Similarly to other pathogens, parasites became resistant to most of the first-line drugs. Therefore, there is an urgent(More)
Antimicrobial peptides are produced by all organisms in response to microbial invasion and are considered as promising candidates for future antibiotics. There is a wealth of evidence that many of them interact and increase the permeability of bacterial membranes as part of their killing mechanism. However, it is not clear whether this is the lethal step.(More)
Temporins are short and homologous antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) isolated from the frog skin of Rana genus. To date, very little is known about the biological significance of the presence of closely related AMPs in single living organisms. Here we addressed this question using temporins A, B, and L isolated from Rana temporaria. We found that temporins A(More)
A cDNA library from the skin of Rana temporaria has been screened using a cDNA fragment probe that encodes the signal peptide of the precursor of esculentin from the skin secretion of Rana esculenta. With this approach, the cDNAs encoding the precursors of three peptides were isolated. Subsequently, the peptides predicted from the sequence of the cloned(More)
Amphibian skin is a rich source of biologically active compounds that are assumed to have diverse physiological and defence functions. In addition to the range of pharmacologically active peptides present, some of which have mammalian homologues, skin secretions contain a broad spectrum of antimicrobial peptides. As yet, such peptides from only a few(More)
The skin secretions of Bombina species contain peptides and small proteins with interesting biological properties. These include bombesin, thyrotropin releasing hormone, BSTI and Bv8. In this review, the biosynthesis and antimicrobial activity of two groups of peptides, bombinins and bombinins H, are described. To date, these have only been found in Bombina(More)