Maurizio Schiavon

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CONTEXT A nationwide systematic preparticipation athletic screening was introduced in Italy in 1982. The impact of such a program on prevention of sudden cardiovascular death in the athlete remains to be determined. OBJECTIVE To analyze trends in incidence rates and cardiovascular causes of sudden death in young competitive athletes in relation to(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to assess the risk of sudden death (SD) in both male and female athletes age 12 to 35 years. BACKGROUND Little is known about the risk of SD in adolescents and young adults engaged in sports. METHODS We did a 21-year prospective cohort study of all young people of the Veneto Region of Italy. From 1979 to 1999, the total population(More)
A reduction in the number of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) is considered a plausible cause of increased cardiovascular risk in diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that weak bone marrow mobilisation is responsible for the decrease in circulating EPCs in diabetes. We employed a model of hindlimb ischaemia–reperfusion(More)
In 1982 a nationwide program of pre-participation screening including 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG) was launched in Italy. The aim of this article is to examine whether this 25-year screening program should be considered a valid and advisable public health strategy. The analysis of data coming from the long-running Italian experience indicates that ECG(More)
Sudden cardiac arrest is most often the first clinical manifestation of an underlying cardiovascular disease and usually occurs in previously asymptomatic athletes. The risk benefit ratio of physical exercise differs between young competitive athletes and middle-age/senior individuals engaged in leisure-time sports activity. Competitive sports are(More)
Vigorous physical exercise may precipitate acute fatalities in both adults and young competitive athletes with concealed heart diseases. However, the risk-benefit ratio of physical exercise differs among these two age groups. In adults, physical activity can be regarded as a 'double-edged sword': vigorous exertion increases the incidence of acute coronary(More)
BACKGROUND T-wave inversion on a 12-lead ECG is usually dismissed in young people as normal persistence of the juvenile pattern of repolarization. However, T-wave inversion is a common ECG abnormality of cardiomyopathies such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, which are leading causes of sudden cardiac death(More)
To cite: Thiene G, Corrado D, Schiavon M, et al. Heart 2013;99: 304–306. Sudden death (SD) in athletes represents a cardiac ‘earthquake’ affecting apparently healthy and highly trained individuals. This is not due to excessive demands on a normal heart, as occurred to Phidippides in Marathon, because our body has built-in safeguard mechanisms—dyspnea,(More)
AIMS Anterior T-wave inversion (TWI) is a recognized variant in athletes of African/Afro Caribbean origin and some endurance athletes; however, the presence of this specific repolarization anomaly also raises the possibility of cardiomyopathy. The differentiation between physiological adaptation and cardiomyopathy may be facilitated by examining other(More)
BACKGROUND Because they have similar functional and clinical profiles, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) survivors are often treated as asthmatic patients. In truth, very little is known about the possible biochemical and inflammatory mechanisms playing a part in BPD survivors' lungs. The aim of this study was to measure exhaled breath temperature in BPD(More)