Maurizio Paciaroni

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Deep vein thrombosis of upper limb is a common complication of CVC in patients with cancer. In these patients the risk factors for CVC-related thrombosis are not completely defined. The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors for CVC-related thrombosis in patients included in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study aimed at(More)
BACKGROUND Dysphagia is common after stroke. We aimed to study the prognosis of dysphagia (assessed clinically) over the first 3 months after acute stroke and to determine whether specific neurovascular-anatomical sites were associated with swallowing dysfunction. METHODS We prospectively examined consecutive patients with acute first-ever stroke. The(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Early hemorrhagic transformation (HT) is a complication of ischemic stroke but its effect on patient outcome is unclear. The aims of this study were to assess: (1) the rate of early HT in patients admitted for ischemic stroke, (2) the correlation between early HT and functional outcome at 3 months, and (3) the risk factors for early(More)
BACKGROUND Early seizure (ES) may complicate the clinical course of patients with acute stroke. The aim of this study was to assess the rate of and the predictive factors for ES as well the effects of ES on the clinical outcome at hospital discharge in patients with first-ever stroke. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 638 consecutive patients with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The pathogenesis of cervical artery dissection (CAD) remains unknown in most cases. Hyperhomocyst(e)inemia [hyperH(e)], an independent risk factor for cerebrovascular disease, induces damage in endothelial cells in animal cell culture. Consecutive patients with CAD and age-matched control subjects have been studied by serum levels of(More)
BACKGROUND Little information is available on the long-term clinical outcome of cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT). OBJECTIVES AND METHODS In an international, retrospective cohort study, we assessed the long-term rates of mortality, residual disability and recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) in a cohort of patients with a first CVT episode. RESULTS(More)
Sympathetic dysfunction is often present in migraine. It has been suggested that serum dopamine-beta-hydroxylase (D beta H) can be taken as an index of peripheral sympathetic activity. We studied the serum D beta H activity in migraine with and without aura and in tension-type headache patients compared with healthy control subjects. The serum D beta H(More)
Thrombolytic therapy not always improves clinical outcome in ischemic stroke patients. This could cause lymphomonocyte accumulation in the infarcted brain area. These produce an excessive amount of proinflammatory cytokines, such as IL-1 beta, IL-6 and TNF-alfa. The aim of our study was to determine ILs levels in fibrinolytic therapy treated patients,(More)
Over the past decade, statins have been proven to significantly decrease coronary events in primary and secondary prevention of coronary artery disease. Recent clinical trials have indicated that statins significantly reduce stroke risk in patients with vascular disease. The Cholesterol Treatment Trialists' Collaborators in a meta-analysis including 90,056(More)
Fatigue is a disabling and persistent symptom affecting many stroke survivors and is a predictor for death after stroke onset. Post-stroke fatigue is a multidimensional motor-perceptive, emotional and cognitive experience that has become of interest for stroke researchers only in the recent past. More studies are still needed to understand the(More)