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The structure of the translational initiation factor IF1 from Escherichia coli has been determined with multidimensional NMR spectroscopy. Using 1041 distance and 78 dihedral constraints, 40 distance geometry structures were calculated, which were refined by restrained molecular dynamics. From this set, 19 structures were selected, having low constraint(More)
Anticancer drug efficacy might be leveraged by strategies to target certain biochemical adaptations of tumors. Here we show how depriving cancer cells of glutamine can enhance the anticancer properties of 3-bromopyruvate, a halogenated analog of pyruvic acid. Glutamine deprival potentiated 3-bromopyruvate chemotherapy by increasing the stability of the(More)
Contryphan-Vn is a D-tryptophan-containing disulfide-constrained nonapeptide isolated from the venom of Conus ventricosus, the single Mediterranean cone snail species. The structure of the synthetic Contryphan-Vn has been determined by NMR spectroscopy. Unique among Contryphans, Contryphan-Vn displays the peculiar presence of a Lys-Trp dyad, reminiscent of(More)
The 28-residue peptide thymosin alpha1 was studied by circular dichroism and two-dimensional NMR. Circular dichroism indicates that thymosin alpha1 in water solution does not assume a preferred conformation, while in the presence of small unilamellar vesicles of dimiristoylphosphatidylcholine and dimiristoylphosphatidic acid (10:1) and in sodium dodecyl(More)
Microbubbles (MBs) have specific acoustic properties that make them useful as contrast agents in ultrasound imaging. The use of the MBs in clinical practice led to the development of more sensitive imaging techniques both in cardiology and radiology. Protein-MBs are typically obtained by dispersing a gas phase in the protein solution and the protein(More)
In this article we use the recently developed perturbed matrix method (PMM) to investigate the effect of conformational fluctuations on the electronic properties of heme in Myoglobin. This widely studied biomolecule has been chosen as a benchmark for evaluating the accuracy of PMM in a large and complex system. Using a long, 80-ns, molecular dynamics(More)
Natural organosulfur compounds (OSCs) from Allium sativum L. display antioxidant and chemo-sensitization properties, including the in vitro inhibition of tumor cell proliferation through the induction of apoptosis. Garlic water- and oil-soluble allyl sulfur compounds show distinct properties and the capability to inhibit the proliferation of tumor cells. In(More)
The interactions of calcium-calmodulin with two fragments of the N-terminal domains of the olfactory alpha-subunit and rod beta-subunit cyclic nucleotide-gated channels have been investigated using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The results indicate that in the two cases both the N-terminal and the C-terminal calmodulin lobes are involved in the(More)
The structural characterization of [W8S]contryphan Vn, an analogue of Contryphan Vn with tryptophan 8 substituted with a serine residue (W8S), was performed by NMR spectroscopy, molecular dynamics simulations and fluorescence spectroscopy. Contryphan Vn, a bioactive cyclic peptide from the venom of the cone snail Conus ventricosus, contains an S–S bridge(More)
Thymosin α1 is a peptidic hormone already used in the therapy of several diseases. Until now, the description of the precise receptor and mechanism for its action still remains elusive. The interaction of Thymosin α1, which is unstructured in water solution, has been recently studied in sodium dodecylsulphate micellar systems and it was reported that(More)