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The structure of the translational initiation factor IF1 from Escherichia coli has been determined with multidimensional NMR spectroscopy. Using 1041 distance and 78 dihedral constraints, 40 distance geometry structures were calculated, which were refined by restrained molecular dynamics. From this set, 19 structures were selected, having low constraint(More)
Reticulons are a family of highly conserved proteins, localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and involved in different cellular functions, such as intracellular membrane trafficking, apoptosis and nuclear envelope formation. The reticulon protein family consists of four members, but their specific functions are presently poorly understood. RTN-1C(More)
The structure of the corpeptins, bioactive lipodepsipeptides produced in culture by Pseudomonas corrugata, the causal agent of tomato pith necrosis, has been determined. The combined use of FAB-mass spectrometry, NMR spectroscopy and chemical procedures has allowed us to assign the following primary structure to the peptide moiety:(More)
Peptides corresponding to three alpha helices present in the C-terminal region of the human prion protein have been synthesized and their structural autonomy analyzed by circular dichroism (CD) and NMR spectroscopy. The results obtained indicate that the protein fragment corresponding to the alpha 3-helix, in contrast to alpha 1 and alpha 2 peptides, shows(More)
Sodium 2-propenyl thiosulfate, a water-soluble organo-sulfane sulfur compound isolated from garlic, induces apoptosis in a number of cancer cells. The molecular mechanism of action of sodium 2-propenyl thiosulfate has not been completely clarified. In this work we investigated, by in vivo and in vitro experiments, the effects of this compound on the(More)
Equilibrium dialysis and protection from heat inactivation and proteolysis show that initiation factor 2 (IF-2) interacts not only with GTP but also with GDP and that its conformation is changed upon binding of either nucleotide. The apparent Ka (at 25 degrees C) for the IF-2 X GDP and IF-2 X GTP complexes was 8.0 X 10(4) and 7.0 X 10(3) M(-1),(More)
The reconstitution of Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase from the copper-free protein by the Cu(I).GSH complex was monitored by: (a) EPR and optical spectroscopy upon reoxidation of the enzyme-bound copper; (b) NMR spectroscopy following the broadening of the resonances of the Cu(I).GSH complex after addition of Cu-free,Zn-superoxide dismutase; and (c) NMR(More)
Syringopeptin 25-A is a phytotoxic amphiphilic lipodepsipeptide containing 25 amino acid residues, produced by some isolates of the plant pathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae. Previous papers have reported its covalent structure and some of its biological properties. Attention has now been directed to define its conformation in solution, a(More)
The interaction between Escherichia coli translational initiation factor 3 (IF-3) (Mr = 20668) and 30 S ribosomal subunits or fragmented 16 S rRNA was followed by 1H NMR spectroscopy. Upon addition of increasing yet largely substoichiometric amounts of deuterated 30 S ribosomal subunits, selective line broadenings and some chemical shift changes were(More)
The dynamics of collective protein motions derived from Molecular Dynamics simulations have been studied for two small model proteins: initiation factor I and the B1 domain of Protein G. First, we compared the structural fluctuations, obtained by local harmonic approximations in different energy minima, with the ones revealed by large scale molecular(More)