Maurizio Minetti

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Erythrocytes are peculiar cells aimed at the delivery of oxygen and nitric oxide to the periphery and carbon dioxide to the lungs. In addition, they also exert, under physiological conditions, a scavenging activity towards reactive oxygen and nitrogen species often over-produced in morbidity states, e.g. in inflamed tissues. Their deformability is essential(More)
Peroxynitrite, the product of the reaction between nitric oxide and superoxide anion, is able to nitrate protein tyrosines. If this modification occurs on phosphotyrosine kinase substrates, it can down-regulate cell signaling. We investigated the effects of peroxynitrite on band 3-mediated signal transduction of human erythrocytes. Peroxynitrite treatment(More)
Extracellular fluids contain low-molecular-weight antioxidants that are actively involved in the defense against reactive oxygen species. The antioxidant activity of these compounds is largely due to their ability to trap oxygen radicals. Less known is the ability of extracellular antioxidants to scavenge carbon-centered free radicals (C-radicals). These(More)
The nitration of tyrosine residues in protein occurs through the action of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species and is considered a marker of oxidative stress under pathological conditions. The most active nitrating species so far identified is peroxynitrite, the product of the reaction between nitric oxide and superoxide anion. Previously, we have reported(More)
Although peroxynitrite is believed to be one of the most efficient tyrosine-nitrating species of biological relevance so far identified, its nitration efficiency is nevertheless limited. In fact, the nitrating species formed through peroxynitrite decay are caged radicals ((*)OH/(*)NO(2) or, in the presence of carbon dioxide, CO(3)(*-)/(*)NO(2)) and the(More)
Dietary inorganic nitrate is secreted in saliva and reduced to nitrite by bacterial flora. At the acidic pH of the stomach nitrite is present as nitrous acid in equilibrium with nitric oxide (*NO), and other nitrogen oxides with nitrating and nitrosating activity. *NO in the stomach exerts several beneficial effects, but nitrosating/nitrating species have(More)
Peroxynitrite, the reaction product of O2.- and .NO, is a toxic compound involved in several oxidative processes that modify proteins. The mechanisms of these oxidative reactions are not completely understood. In this study, using direct ESR at 37 degrees C, we observed that peroxynitrite induced in human blood plasma a long-lived singlet signal at g =(More)
Peroxynitrite is a strong oxidant involved in cell injury. In tissues, most of peroxynitrite reacts preferentially with CO(2) or hemoproteins, and these reactions affect its fate and toxicity. CO(2) promotes tyrosine nitration but reduces the lifetime of peroxynitrite, preventing, at least in part, membrane crossing. The role of hemoproteins is not easily(More)
Peroxynitrite-mediated oxidative chemistry is currently the subject of intense investigation owing to the toxic side effects associated with nitric oxide overproduction. Using direct electron spin resonance spectroscopy (ESR) at 37 degrees C, we observed that in human erythrocytes peroxynitrite induced a long-lived singlet signal at g = 2.004 arising from(More)
The NADPH oxidase enzymatic complex participates in the oxidative burst by producing ROS (reactive oxygen species). Altered levels of ROS production may have pathogenetic implications due to the loss of some innate immune functions such as oxidative burst and phagocytosis. Considering that HIV-1 Nef protein plays a primary role in AIDS pathogenesis, by(More)