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1. The silent period evoked in the first dorsal interosseous (FDI) muscle after electrical and magnetic transcranial stimulation (TCS), electrical stimulation of the cervicomedullary junction and ulnar nerve stimulation was studied in ten healthy subjects. 2. With maximum-intensity shocks, the average duration of the silent period was 200 ms after(More)
Transcranial stimulation (TCS) in intact human subjects was used to investigate the corticobulbar projections and the functional organization of the trigeminal motor system. Both electrical (with the anode overlying the face area of the motor cortex) and magnetic TCS (with the coil at the vertex) excite the upper motoneurons projecting to the trigeminal(More)
The activity of motor cortical inhibitory circuits was studied with paired transcranial magnetic stimuli in 16 patients with Parkinson's disease 'off' therapy, five patients 'off' and 'on' therapy, and 11 normal subjects. Paired stimuli were delivered at short (3-20 ms) as well as long (100-250 ms) intervals during slight voluntary contraction. The(More)
The technique of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) allows cortical motor areas to be activated by trains of magnetic stimuli at different frequencies and intensities. In this paper, we studied long-term neurophysiological effects of rTMS delivered to the motor cortex at 5 Hz with an intensity of 120% of motor threshold. Each stimulus of(More)
The silent period after contralateral and ipsilateral transcranial magnetic brain stimulation was studied in patients with Parkinson's disease before and after dopaminergic and anticholinergic therapy; in normal subjects before and after L-dopa administration and in patients with drug-induced parkinsonism. In patients and normal subjects the silent period(More)
We studied the effect of electrical stimulation of the C5-C8 dermatomes on voluntary electromyographic activity (EMG) recorded from the ipsilateral first dorsal interosseus (FDI), abductor digiti minimi, flexor and extensor carpi, triceps brachii, biceps brachii, and orbicularis oculi muscles of healthy humans. Finger stimulation (C6-C8) produced an EMG(More)
The cortical silent period evoked by magnetic transcranial stimulation and the peripheral silent period were studied in healthy subjects after intravenous injection of diazepam, baclofen or thiopental. None of the drugs tested changed the peripheral silent period. But, unexpectedly, diazepam significantly shortened the cortical silent period, the inhibitory(More)
OBJECTIVE The few published ultrasound (US) studies on chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) report diffusely increased cross-sectional area (CSA) of nerves. The data are, however, heterogeneous and correlations with clinical history or disease severity are lacking. METHODS Thirty-four patients with CIDP underwent US nerve(More)
OBJECTIVE Motor imagery (MI) is assumed to enhance poststroke motor recovery, yet its benefits are debatable. Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) can provide instantaneous and quantitative measure of cerebral functions modulated by MI. The efficacy of BCI-monitored MI practice as add-on intervention to usual rehabilitation care was evaluated in a randomized(More)
AIMS To determine whether Parkinson's disease and multiple system atrophy each has a distinct pattern of micturition abnormalities and whether a urodynamic evaluation could be useful in the differential diagnosis between the two diseases. METHODS Sixty two patients (30 with Parkinson's disease and 32 with multiple system atrophy) underwent a complete(More)