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Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in the world. Despite the large number of studies focused on the causes and mechanisms of AF, it remains a clinical challenge. Atrial electrical and structural remodelling caused by AF is responsible for the perpetuation of the arrhythmia. However, a validated noninvasive method for assessment of atrial(More)
Vascular involvement in systemic sclerosis (SSc) plays a key role in the pathogenesis of fibrosis. We assessed arterial stiffness using a new echo-tracking technique in patients with SSc asymptomatic for cardiovascular diseases. We enrolled 22 patients (21 female, 63 ± 14 years) and 20 controls (12 female, 62 ± 3 years). Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT)(More)
AIMS Left atrium can be involved by amyloid deposition in familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP). The aim of our study is to assess left atrium function in atrial amyloidosis. METHODS Twenty-eight FAP patients (53 ± 12 years) and a control group of 22 asymptomatic individuals (49 ± 11 years) underwent strain echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance(More)
A 78-year-old woman was admitted to our emergency department for subarachnoid hemorrhage. Since a month ago, she was taking warfarin after diagnosis, on transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE), of a suspected large atrial thrombus. The patient, referred to our institution for further investigation, presented asymptomatic; electrocardiogram showed sinus rhythm.(More)
Pericardial cysts, an uncommon benign congenital anomaly belonging to the category of mediastinal masses. Cysts are usually detected incidentally on chest radiography or echocardiography, being most patients asymptomatic. In some cases, however, symptoms and complications occur, like dyspnea, chest pain, or persistent cough. Computed tomography and magnetic(More)
: Double orifice mitral valve (DOMV) is a rare congenital malformation of the mitral apparatus frequently associated with other congenital malformations of the heart, whereas the isolated form is rare. The prevalence is about 1% of congenital heart disease; valve stenosis and regurgitation are common findings. Echocardiography represents the best method to(More)
A 60-year-old male patient was submitted to dipyridamole-atropine stress echocardiography (DSE) for chest pain during exertion. At rest, no electrocardiographic (ECG) and transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) abnormalities were observed. After dipyridamole infusion, the patient complained a mild chest discomfort, without ECG changes and TTE wall-motion(More)
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