Maurizio Bossola

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HYPOTHESIS Video-assisted thyroid lobectomy improves the cosmetic outcome of the cutaneous scar and reduces postoperative pain. PARTICIPANTS Patients admitted to the Division of Endocrine Surgery of the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy, between March 1999 and December 2000 who were candidates for thyroid lobectomy because of a single,(More)
Total thyroidectomy is not frequently performed in cases of benign disease because of the associated risk of postoperative hypoparathyroidism and recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) damage. We chose a series of patients who had undergone total thyroidectomy (TT) for benign thyroid tumors to evaluate the safety of this approach and its role in the treatment of(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of injury to the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN) with 2 different surgical approaches. METHODS From 1998 to 2000, 289 consecutive patients undergoing thyroidectomy were randomly divided into 2 groups. In group A (137 patients [215 upper pole ligations]), the superior(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Bacterial-derived DNA fragments (BDNAs) have been shown to be present in dialysis fluid, to pass through dialyzer membranes, and to induce IL-6 (IL-6) in mononuclear cells. The present study aimed at assessing the eventual presence of BDNAs in the blood of hemodialysis (HD) patients and if this is associated with markers of chronic(More)
Fatigue is common in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients and impacts on daily living, impairs significantly the quality of life, increases the risk of cardiovascular events and negatively influences survival. Although numerous social, demographic, clinical, and laboratory variables have been associated with fatigue, the causes of this symptom are often(More)
Pelvic recurrent rectal cancer is still a challenging clinical problem, and patients generally have a dismal prognosis and a poor quality of life. Surgical resection represents the only potentially curative treatment; neoadjuvant treatments are presently being taken into consideration to increase the resectability rate and to improve long-term survival.(More)
Cancer cachexia is characterized by skeletal muscle wasting that is mainly supported by hypercatabolism. Muscle atrophy has been suggested to depend on impaired IGF-1 signal transduction pathway. The present study has been aimed at investigating the IGF-1 system in rats bearing the AH-130 hepatoma, a well-characterized model of cachexia. IGF-1 mRNA(More)
Sarcopenia, the loss of skeletal muscle mass and function that occurs with aging, is associated with increased risk for several adverse health outcomes, including frailty, disability, falls, loss of independent living, and mortality. At present, no pharmacological treatment exists that is able to definitely halt the progression of sarcopenia. Likewise, no(More)
Cachexia is a syndrome characterized by profound skeletal muscle wasting that frequently complicates malignancies. A number of studies indicate that protein hypercatabolism, largely mediated by classical hormones and cytokines, is the major component of muscle depletion. Impaired regeneration has been suggested to contribute to the reduction of muscle size.(More)
PURPOSE Lymph-node involvement is the most important prognostic factor in colorectal cancers. Many staging systems adopted node status as a parameter of tumor classification. However, the number of identified and positive glands varies across articles, depending on specimen examination. There is a consistent risk of substaging tumors and undertreating(More)