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The intramuscular ATP-dependent ubiquitin (Ub)-proteasome proteolytic system is hyperactivated in experimental cancer cachexia. The present study aimed at verifying whether the expression of the muscle Ub mRNA is altered in patients with cancer. Total muscle RNA was extracted using the guanidinium isothiocyanate/phenol/chloroform method from rectus(More)
OBJECTIVE Cognitive impairment is relatively common in end-stage renal disease patients on chronic hemodialysis, but the course of cognitive function deterioration in hemodialysis patients is essentially unknown. The present study aimed to evaluate if changes in Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) over time in hemodialysis (HDP) and elderly (EP) patients(More)
OBJECTIVE Little is known about the demographic, clinical and laboratory variables which may be correlated with symptoms of depression and anxiety in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The present study aimed at evaluating such correlation in HD patients treated at a single HD center in a Mediterranean country. METHODS Eighty HD patients were assessed for(More)
BACKGROUND In the general population, a high body mass index (BMI) is associated with increased cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality. However, according to US epidemiological evaluation in maintenance haemodialysis (HD) patients, a reverse epidemiology is described and baseline obesity appears paradoxically associated with better survival. The aim(More)
BACKGROUND Health-related quality of life (QoL) has become a crucial outcome in medical care. However, few studies have assessed physician knowledge of QoL and rate of physicians adopting QoL measures in clinical practice. The present study aimed at assessing the level of knowledge of QoL and the perceived importance of incorporating QoL assessment in(More)
to assess both the diagnostic and prognostic value of these new tests. Author Contributions: All authors confirmed they have contributed to the intellectual content of this paper and have met the following 3 requirements: (a) significant contributions to the conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; (b) drafting or(More)
The present review aimed to define the role of nutritional interventions in the prevention and treatment of malnutrition in HNC patients undergoing CRT as well as their impact on CRT-related toxicity and survival. Head and neck cancer patients are frequently malnourished at the time of diagnosis and prior to the beginning of treatment. In addition,(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to evaluate the relationship between serum leptin and the leptin/body mass index (BMI) ratio with prevalent cardiovascular disease (CVD), and their influence on all-cause and CVD-related mortality in patients on hemodialysis (HD). METHODS 118 stable HD patients (50 women, median [interquartile range] age, 65.1 [54.7-72.2] years) were(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction is involved in the loss of muscle featuring both aging and cancer cachexia (CC). Whether mitochondrial quality control (MQC) is altered in skeletal myocytes of old patients with CC is unclear. The present investigation therefore sought to preliminarily characterize MQC pathways in muscle of old gastric cancer patients with(More)