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In order to evaluate the prevalence, risk factors, and clinical consequences of hypovitaminosis D in elderly Italian women a multicenter study of 43 osteoporosis centers from all regions of Italy was carried out. Study population included 700 women aged 60-80 years in whom blood was taken for 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and parathyroid hormone (PTH)(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of intravenous (i.v.) clodronate in patients with reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome (RSDS) and to assess the urinary excretion of type I collagen crosslinked N-telopeptide (NTx) before and after the treatment. METHODS Thirty-two patients with RSDS were randomized to receive either i.v. clodronate 300 mg daily for 10(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to assess bone metabolism in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients and to evaluate potential differences between Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) with respect to the mechanisms underlying bone loss in this group of diseases. DESIGN AND SETTING This was a cross-sectional study which started in(More)
Many antimycotic agents negatively affect the natural immune response. Typically, these drugs impair polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) production of superoxide anion, chemotaxis, or the killing of pathogens. Allylamines are a new class of antimycotic compounds with a new mechanism of antifungal action, i.e., inhibition of the fungal squalene epoxidase. The(More)
BACKGROUND Pharmacological treatment for diabetic polyneuropathy (DP) has shown limited benefit; frequency-modulated electrical stimulation (FREMS) has shown positive results in pain control and nerve conduction velocity in DP. OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of FREMS vs transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on the release of vascular(More)
Ninety consecutive patients with atrioventricular canal were studied to identify the association between left-sided obstructive lesions and Down's syndrome. Three groups were recognized: Group I, 76 patients with atrioventricular canal and no left-sided obstructions; Group II, nine patients with atrioventricular canal and left-sided inlet obstructions;(More)
Osteoporosis is a known consequence of stroke, associated with an increased incidence of fractures, mainly of the hip, leading to further disability. The pattern of bone loss seen in stroke patients is different from that usually encountered with postmenopausal osteoporosis, since it is limited to the paretic side and more evident in the upper extremities.(More)
Metoclopramide, a dopaminergic inhibitor, injected in 9 normal volunteers, was followed by a prompt decrease of serum potassium (10--20 min; p less than 0.01) and by an increase of plasma aldosterone (p less than 0.01). Renin slightly increased at 45 min (p less than 0.05); insulin and cortisol did not show any significant increase. The urinary excretion of(More)
BACKGROUND Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and norepinephrine (NE) are strongly related to severity of and are independent predictors of outcome in heart failure. The long-term effects of angiotensin receptor blockers on BNP and NE in heart failure patients are not known. METHODS AND RESULTS Both BNP and NE were measured in 4284 patients randomized to(More)