Maurizio A. Marini

Learn More
We have previously demonstrated that human bronchial smooth muscle cells possess a single class of specific binding sites for the potent bronchoconstrictive peptide, endothelin 1, and that human bronchial epithelial cells constitutively release an endothelin-like material in culture, which binds to smooth muscle cell receptors with a kinetic analogous to(More)
Cultured human bronchial epithelial cells constitutively produce granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). An upregulation of the synthesis and release of GM-CSF from those cells might contribute to the persistence of infiltration and local activation of inflammatory cells in some inflammatory diseases of the airways, such as asthma.(More)
We have previously demonstrated that cultured human bronchial epithelial cells produce cytokines with potent proinflammatory properties on exposure to several stimuli in vitro, and we have hypothesized that these epithelial cell-derived factors may contribute to the pathogenesis of some inflammatory diseases of the bronchial mucosa, particularly asthma, by(More)
Fibrocytes contribute to the fibrotic changes most frequently observed in forms of asthma where inflammation is driven by T helper type 2 (Th2) cells. The mechanisms that regulate the profibrotic function of asthmatic fibrocytes are largely unknown. We isolated circulating fibrocytes from patients with allergen-exacerbated asthma, who showed the presence of(More)
The C-C motif chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5), CCL11, and CCL24 are involved in the pathogenesis of asthma, and their function is mainly associated with the airway recruitment of eosinophils. This study tested their ability to induce the migration of circulating fibrocytes, which may contribute to the development of irreversible airflow obstruction in severe(More)
We have previously demonstrated that human bronchial smooth muscle cells possess specific binding sites for the potent bronchoconstrictive peptide endothelin 1 and that primary cultures of human bronchial epithelial cells constitutively produce an endothelin-like material that binds to smooth muscle cell receptors with a kinetic ability analogous to that(More)
BACKGROUND T lymphocytes may orchestrate the inflammatory response in atopic asthma, but the mechanisms that promote T-cell accumulation in asthmatic airways are still unclear. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that bronchial epithelial cells of patients with atopic asthma release chemoattractant factors for T lymphocytes. METHODS Sixteen patients(More)
Asthma is an inflammatory disease of the airways due to an interaction between genetic and environmental factors, and allergy represents the most important predisposing trait. Here, we investigated why and how the allergen most often implicated in the pathogenesis of asthma and other allergic diseases causes the expression of the genes for proinflammatory(More)
The release of IL-33 increases in the bronchial mucosa of asthmatic patients in relation to disease severity and several studies have demonstrated that IL-33 may enhance airway inflammation in asthma. This study tested the hypothesis that IL-33 may also contribute to the development of irreversible structural changes in asthma by favoring the airway(More)
Endothelin-1 may contribute to bronchial smooth muscle constriction and airway remodelling in asthma, where bronchial epithelial cells represent an important source of this peptide. We report here that asthmatic bronchial epithelial cells exposed to allergens in vitro induce the differentiation of airway fibroblasts into myofibroblasts, and that they do so(More)