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We have previously demonstrated that human bronchial smooth muscle cells possess a single class of specific binding sites for the potent bronchoconstrictive peptide, endothelin 1, and that human bronchial epithelial cells constitutively release an endothelin-like material in culture, which binds to smooth muscle cell receptors with a kinetic analogous to(More)
Fibrocytes contribute to the fibrotic changes most frequently observed in forms of asthma where inflammation is driven by T helper type 2 (Th2) cells. The mechanisms that regulate the profibrotic function of asthmatic fibrocytes are largely unknown. We isolated circulating fibrocytes from patients with allergen-exacerbated asthma, who showed the presence of(More)
Endothelin-1 may be involved in the pathogenesis of asthma by causing bronchial smooth muscle constriction and airway remodelling. Bronchial epithelial cells represent an important source of endothelin-1 in this disease, and increased release of epithelial cell-derived endothelin-1 may contribute to the genesis of subepithelial fibrosis by promoting(More)
The C-C motif chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5), CCL11, and CCL24 are involved in the pathogenesis of asthma, and their function is mainly associated with the airway recruitment of eosinophils. This study tested their ability to induce the migration of circulating fibrocytes, which may contribute to the development of irreversible airflow obstruction in severe(More)
BACKGROUND Elevated numbers of circulating fibrocytes are associated with inadequately controlled asthma, poor response to available therapies, and increased risk of adverse outcomes. The lack of reliable and clinically-applicable assays precludes a proper evaluation of blood fibrocyte count as a prognostic biomarker in asthma. This report concerns the use(More)
We have previously demonstrated that cultured human bronchial epithelial cells produce cytokines with potent proinflammatory properties on exposure to several stimuli in vitro, and we have hypothesized that these epithelial cell-derived factors may contribute to the pathogenesis of some inflammatory diseases of the bronchial mucosa, particularly asthma, by(More)
Nail Acad Sci 1985; 82:4633-37 8 Holtzman MJ. Species specificity oflipoxygenase and cycbooxygenase activities expressed in pulmonary airway epithelial cells. Adv Prostaglandin Thromboxane Leukotriene Res 1987; 17:17779 9 Holtzman MJ, Hanshorough JR, Rosen GD, Turk J. Uptake, release and novel species-dependent oxygenation of arachidonic acid in human and(More)
BACKGROUND T lymphocytes may orchestrate the inflammatory response in atopic asthma, but the mechanisms that promote T-cell accumulation in asthmatic airways are still unclear. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that bronchial epithelial cells of patients with atopic asthma release chemoattractant factors for T lymphocytes. METHODS Sixteen patients(More)
This study examines the distribution of intraepithelial dendritic cells in eight atopic patients with symptomatic asthma and their ability to induce activation of autologous T lymphocytes in vitro. All subjects were sensitized to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus. The incubation of asthmatic epithelial cells and dendritic cells with autologous resting(More)
We have previously demonstrated that human bronchial smooth muscle cells possess specific binding sites for the potent bronchoconstrictive peptide endothelin 1 and that primary cultures of human bronchial epithelial cells constitutively produce an endothelin-like material that binds to smooth muscle cell receptors with a kinetic ability analogous to that(More)