Learn More
Fibrocytes contribute to the fibrotic changes most frequently observed in forms of asthma where inflammation is driven by T helper type 2 (Th2) cells. The mechanisms that regulate the profibrotic function of asthmatic fibrocytes are largely unknown. We isolated circulating fibrocytes from patients with allergen-exacerbated asthma, who showed the presence of(More)
Endothelin-1 may be involved in the pathogenesis of asthma by causing bronchial smooth muscle constriction and airway remodelling. Bronchial epithelial cells represent an important source of endothelin-1 in this disease, and increased release of epithelial cell-derived endothelin-1 may contribute to the genesis of subepithelial fibrosis by promoting(More)
The C-C motif chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5), CCL11, and CCL24 are involved in the pathogenesis of asthma, and their function is mainly associated with the airway recruitment of eosinophils. This study tested their ability to induce the migration of circulating fibrocytes, which may contribute to the development of irreversible airflow obstruction in severe(More)
We have previously demonstrated that cultured human bronchial epithelial cells produce cytokines with potent proinflammatory properties on exposure to several stimuli in vitro, and we have hypothesized that these epithelial cell-derived factors may contribute to the pathogenesis of some inflammatory diseases of the bronchial mucosa, particularly asthma, by(More)
We have previously demonstrated that human bronchial smooth muscle cells possess specific binding sites for the potent bronchoconstrictive peptide endothelin 1 and that primary cultures of human bronchial epithelial cells constitutively produce an endothelin-like material that binds to smooth muscle cell receptors with a kinetic ability analogous to that(More)
The release of IL-33 increases in the bronchial mucosa of asthmatic patients in relation to disease severity and several studies have demonstrated that IL-33 may enhance airway inflammation in asthma. This study tested the hypothesis that IL-33 may also contribute to the development of irreversible structural changes in asthma by favoring the airway(More)
We investigated the kinetics of allergen-induced eotaxin expression and its relationship to eosinophil accumulation and activation in the airways of patients with allergic asthma. Twenty-four patients with allergic asthma and late asthmatic responses to allergen inhalation were randomly allocated into three groups of eight patients each, who received(More)
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways characterized by a marked infiltration of eosinophils in the bronchial mucosa, and the mechanisms that cause the selective recruitment of these cells are areas of active investigation. In this study, we found increased expression of the eosinophil chemoattractant eotaxin in bronchial mucosa of(More)
BACKGROUND T lymphocytes may orchestrate the inflammatory response in atopic asthma, but the mechanisms that promote T-cell accumulation in asthmatic airways are still unclear. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that bronchial epithelial cells of patients with atopic asthma release chemoattractant factors for T lymphocytes. METHODS Sixteen patients(More)
This study evaluated immunoreactivity for several cytokines in bronchial tissue of asthmatic patients and related this to the clinical and functional characteristics. Patients were allocated into two different groups on the basis of their atopic status (atopic and nonatopic), with two subgroups of symptomatic and asymptomatic subjects in each. Five healthy(More)