Maurizia Giai

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Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is thought to be produced exclusively by prostatic epithelial cells and is currently used as a tumor marker of prostatic adenocarcinoma. We recently found that 30% of breast cancers contain PSA immunoreactivity (IR-PSA). To examine the prognostic value of PSA in female breast cancer, we measured IR-PSA in tumor cytosols of(More)
Prostate specific antigen (PSA) is a tumor marker used widely for the diagnosis and monitoring of prostatic adenocarcinoma. Recently, we provided evidence that PSA may also be produced by breast tumors. In this report we examined quantitatively the PSA levels in 199 breast tumors, 48 tissues with benign breast disease (BBD, 34 fibroadenomas), and 36 normal(More)
Using a highly sensitive immunofluorometric procedure, we measured the total prostate-specific antigen (PSA) concentration in 632 sera obtained from female blood donors and women with idiopathic hirsutism, breast cancer or benign breast diseases. A total of 50 sera with total PSA > 15 ng l(-1) were fractionated by high-performance liquid chromatography(More)
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a serine protease expressed at high levels in prostate epithelium, and elevated PSA in serum is a well-established marker of prostate cancer. Recently, the relative proportions of free PSA and PSA complexed to the serine protease inhibitor alpha 1-antichymotrypsin have become important variables in distinguishing between(More)
PURPOSE To compare the efficacy of chemotherapy versus that of tamoxifen plus ovarian suppression in pre-/perimenopausal estrogen receptor-positive patients with early breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients were randomly assigned to receive either six cycles of a standard regimen of cyclophosphamide 100 mg/m(2) orally days 1 to 14, methotrexate 40(More)
There is increasing evidence that androgens play a significant role in the development and progression of breast cancer. 5alpha-Reductase (SRD5A2) is an enzyme that is expressed in androgen-dependent tissues, and it catalyzes the reduction of testosterone to its more bioactive form, dihydrotestosterone, which then transactivates a number of genes. One of(More)
The androgen receptor (AR) is a transcription factor mediating the action of androgens. The AR gene is localized on chromosome X and it contains a series of CAG trinucleotide repeats. The length of the CAG repeats varies among individuals and this polymorphism is believed to be related to AR transcriptional activity. Studies have shown that fewer CAG(More)
BACKGROUND KLK5 is a newly discovered human kallikrein gene. Many kallikrein genes have been found to be differentially expressed in various malignancies, and prostate-specific antigen (PSA; encoded by the KLK3 gene) is the best tumor marker for prostate cancer. Like the genes that encode PSA and other kallikreins, the KLK5 gene was found to be regulated by(More)
Constitutive activation of the RON gene, known to code for the tyrosine-kinase receptor for Macrophage Stimulating Protein (also known as Scatter Factor 2), has been shown to induce invasive-metastatic phenotype in vitro. As yet, nothing is known about the expression of this novel member of the MET-oncogene family in spontaneously occurring human cancers.(More)
The protein product of c-erbB-2 and ras oncogene has been examined for its prognostic potential in both node positive and node negative breast cancer. Using a western blot analysis, levels of these proteins were determined in 159 primary human breast tumor specimens. We examined relationships between gene expression and coexpression with other established(More)