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Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is thought to be produced exclusively by prostatic epithelial cells and is currently used as a tumor marker of prostatic adenocarcinoma. We recently found that 30% of breast cancers contain PSA immunoreactivity (IR-PSA). To examine the prognostic value of PSA in female breast cancer, we measured IR-PSA in tumor cytosols of(More)
PURPOSE To compare the efficacy of chemotherapy versus that of tamoxifen plus ovarian suppression in pre-/perimenopausal estrogen receptor-positive patients with early breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients were randomly assigned to receive either six cycles of a standard regimen of cyclophosphamide 100 mg/m(2) orally days 1 to 14, methotrexate 40(More)
The androgen receptor (AR) is a transcription factor mediating the action of androgens. The AR gene is localized on chromosome X and it contains a series of CAG trinucleotide repeats. The length of the CAG repeats varies among individuals and this polymorphism is believed to be related to AR transcriptional activity. Studies have shown that fewer CAG(More)
Using a highly sensitive immunofluorometric procedure, we measured the total prostate-specific antigen (PSA) concentration in 632 sera obtained from female blood donors and women with idiopathic hirsutism, breast cancer or benign breast diseases. A total of 50 sera with total PSA > 15 ng l(-1) were fractionated by high-performance liquid chromatography(More)
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a serine protease expressed at high levels in prostate epithelium, and elevated PSA in serum is a well-established marker of prostate cancer. Recently, the relative proportions of free PSA and PSA complexed to the serine protease inhibitor alpha 1-antichymotrypsin have become important variables in distinguishing between(More)
BACKGROUND KLK5 is a newly discovered human kallikrein gene. Many kallikrein genes have been found to be differentially expressed in various malignancies, and prostate-specific antigen (PSA; encoded by the KLK3 gene) is the best tumor marker for prostate cancer. Like the genes that encode PSA and other kallikreins, the KLK5 gene was found to be regulated by(More)
Prostate specific antigen (PSA) is a tumor marker used widely for the diagnosis and monitoring of prostatic adenocarcinoma. Recently, we provided evidence that PSA may also be produced by breast tumors. In this report we examined quantitatively the PSA levels in 199 breast tumors, 48 tissues with benign breast disease (BBD, 34 fibroadenomas), and 36 normal(More)
c-erbB-2 and ras expression was measured on tumor extracts from 132 human primary breast carcinomas, by immunoblotting analysis. Expression of the c-erbB-2-encoded p185 protein was observed in 39% of the samples and found to correlate with c-erbB-2 gene amplification, detected by Southern analysis in 19 of the 77 available tumor DNAs. p185 expression was(More)
Constitutive activation of the RON gene, known to code for the tyrosine-kinase receptor for Macrophage Stimulating Protein (also known as Scatter Factor 2), has been shown to induce invasive-metastatic phenotype in vitro. As yet, nothing is known about the expression of this novel member of the MET-oncogene family in spontaneously occurring human cancers.(More)
BACKGROUND Tissue Polypeptide-specific Antigen (TPS) and CA 15.3 are two of the most widely studied tumor markers in the serum of breast cancer patients. TPS is a tumor associated proliferative marker which belongs to the cytoskeleton. CA 15.3 is a high molecular weight glycoprotein of clinical relevance in the monitoring of treatment and the detection of(More)