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STUDY DESIGN Descriptive method guidelines. OBJECTIVES To help reviewers design, conduct, and report reviews of trials in the field of back and neck pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA In 1997, the Cochrane Collaboration Back Review Group published method guidelines for systematic reviews. Since its publication, new methodologic evidence emerged and more(More)
STUDY DESIGN Method guidelines for systematic reviews of trials of treatments for neck and back pain. OBJECTIVE To help review authors design, conduct and report systematic reviews of trials in this field. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA In 1997, the Cochrane Back Review Group published Method Guidelines for Systematic Reviews, which was updated in 2003.(More)
In this study we estimated the costs of back pain to society in The Netherlands in 1991 to be 1.7% of the GNP. The results also show that musculoskeletal diseases are the fifth most expensive disease category regarding hospital care, and the most expensive regarding work absenteeism and disablement. One-third of the hospital care costs and one-half of the(More)
BACKGROUND The treatment of chronic low back pain is not primarily focused on removing an underlying organic pathology, but at the reduction of disability through the modification of environmental contingencies and cognitive processes. Behavioural interventions are commonly used in the treatment of chronic (disabling) low back pain. OBJECTIVES The(More)
BACKGROUND Although several rehabilitation programs, physical fitness programs or protocols regarding instruction for patients to return to work after lumbar disc surgery have been suggested, little is known about the efficacy and effectiveness of these treatments. There are still persistent fears of causing re-injury, re-herniation, or instability. (More)
STUDY DESIGN Descriptive study. OBJECTIVES To compare national clinical guidelines on low back pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA To rationalize the management of low back pain, clinical guidelines have been issued in various countries around the world. Given that the available scientific evidence is the same, irrespective of the country, one would expect(More)
BACKGROUND Exercise therapy encompasses a heterogeneous group of interventions. There continues to be uncertainty about the most effective exercise approach in chronic low back pain. PURPOSE To identify particular exercise intervention characteristics that decrease pain and improve function in adults with nonspecific chronic low back pain. DATA SOURCES(More)
BACKGROUND Exercise therapy is widely used as an intervention in low back pain. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of exercise therapy in adult nonspecific acute, subacute, and chronic low back pain versus no treatment and other conservative treatments. DATA SOURCES MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsychInfo, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library databases to October 2004;(More)
STUDY DESIGN A systematic review of randomized controlled trials was performed. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Exercise therapy is a widely used treatment for low back pain. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effectiveness of exercise therapy for low back pain with regard to pain intensity, functional status, overall improvement, and return to work. METHODS The(More)