Maurits W E van den Berg

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Metal oxides are highly important as components in heterogeneous catalysts. [1] It is also well established that as the building blocks of nanoscaled materials get smaller, surfaces become increasingly important in determining their properties. [2] Very early on, researchers found that catalytic activity is only indirectly related to the surface area; [3](More)
Biodiversity in rangelands is decreasing, due to intense utilization for livestock production and conversion of rangeland into cropland; yet the outlook of rangeland biodiversity has not been considered in view of future global demand for food. Here we assess the impact of future livestock production on the global rangelands area and their biodiversity.(More)
The gas-phase loading of [Zn4O(bdc)3] (MOF-5; bdc = 1,4-benzenedicarboxylate) with the volatile compound [Ru(cod)(cot)] (cod = 1,5-cyclooctadiene, cot = 1,3,5-cyclooctatriene) was followed by solid-state (13)C magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR spectroscopy. Subsequent hydrogenolysis of the adsorbed complex inside the porous structure of MOF-5 at 3 bar and 150(More)
ZnO is a metal oxide material which possesses versatile properties and applications. Therefore, the target-oriented preparation of ZnO has become a major issue. Many preparation techniques involve bottom-up methods from precursor solutions. In the current contribution, a special precursor system is described that enables a fine-control of kinetic parameters(More)
Methanol catalysis meets chemistry under confined conditions. Methanol is regarded as one of the most important future energy sources. ZnO/Cu composite materials are very effective in heterogeneous catalysis for methanol production due to the so-called strong metal-support interaction effect (SMSI). Therefore, materials of superior structural design(More)
A highly efficient one-step process to generate Cu-Zn colloids was developed, in which the colloidal particles were synthesized from Cu and Zn stearates by reduction with H(2) in a continuously operated stirred tank reactor. The resulting spherical, well separated particles have a size of 5-10 nm, consisting of a crystalline Cu(0) core (fcc) stabilized by a(More)
Nanoparticles, [1, 2] in particular those of semiconducting metal oxides like ZnO, have received increasing attention because of their high potential as components in nanotechnological devices. In general, materials containing more than one type of metal should display higher complexity and a wider range of properties. [3] So far only little attention has(More)
The reduction of Cu(II) oxide species in siliceous matrixes of different porosity (MFI, FAU, MCM-48) and in alumosilicate MFI was studied by temperature-programmed reduction in hydrogen (TPR), by X-ray absorption fine structure (after stationary hydrogen treatments), and by transmission electron microscopy. It was found that the reduction may proceed in one(More)
The redox properties of Cu(II) species in FAU matrices have been studied by temperature programmed reduction (TPR) in hydrogen and by XAFS analysis of the products obtained after (stationary) reduction treatments at various temperatures. The influence of the matrix polarity was investigated by comparing aluminosilicate FAU (Y zeolite) with siliceous FAU. In(More)