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OBJECTIVE The immediate effects of deep brain stimulation (DBS) on subcortical neurons of its target region are controversial. METHODS We measured the regional normalized resting cerebral metabolic rate of glucose (nCMRGlc) with 18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and PET in 12 patients with Parkinson disease (PD) and bilateral DBS of the subthalamic nucleus(More)
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE To demonstrate the usefulness of positron emission tomography-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) coregistration for differentiation of radiation necrosis and recurrent tumor in stereotactic planning. CLINICAL PRESENTATION T1-weighted MRI scans of a 43-year-old woman revealed a contrast-enhancing lesion 4 years after open removal of(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal management of subtotally resected or recurrent malignant meningiomas remains controversial. We evaluated the efficacy of linear accelerator (LINAC) radiosurgery for atypical and anaplastic meningiomas after incomplete resection or treatment of recurrences. METHODS Between August 1990 and December 2003, 16 patients with 28(More)
This paper reports on stereotactic biopsy combined with stereotactic (125)iodine brachytherapy (SBT) for locally recurrent, previously irradiated cerebral metastases, focusing on feasibility, complications, cerebral disease control, and survival. All patients with suspected locally recurrent metastases detected by MRI were selected for this combined(More)
A strong attachment of a stereotactic head frame to the patient's skull may cause distortions of the head frame. The aim of this work was to identify possible distortions of the head frame, to measure the degree of distortion occurring in clinical practice and to investigate its influence on stereotactic localization and targeting. A model to describe and(More)
We evaluated the efficacy of interstitial brachytherapy (IBT) using (125)Iodine ((125)I) seeds for treatment of papillary tumors of the pineal region. Between September 2003 and September 2010, four patients (M/F = 2/2; median age, 57.3 years; range 29.2-69.1 years) with papillary tumors of the pineal region underwent IBT using (125)I seeds. Before(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated the long-term outcome in patients harboring intracranial ependymomas treated with interstitial brachytherapy (IBT). METHODS Twenty-one patients (M/F = 9/12; median age: 29 years; range: 8-70 years), diagnosed with intracranial ependymoma (1 WHO I, 11 WHO II, 9 WHO III) were treated with IBT using stereotactically implanted(More)
BACKGROUND We present the long-term results of a consecutive series of patients with meningiomas treated by LINAC-radiosurgery using the micro-multi-leaf collimator technique (μMLC). METHODS Between May 2001 and July 2009, 78 patients (m: f = 024:54; median age, 56.8 years; range, 20.1-81 years) with 87 intracranial meningiomas (78 WHO I, seven WHO II,(More)
For application in magnetic resonance (MR) guided stereotactic neurosurgery, two methods for transformation of MR-image coordinates in stereotactic, frame-based coordinates exist: the direct stereotactic fiducial-based transformation method and the indirect anatomical landmark method. In contrast to direct stereotactic MR transformation, indirect(More)