Mauritius C. M. van de Sanden

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Acetylene chemistry is studied by means of threshold ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) in remote Ar/C(2)H(2) expanding thermal plasma to identify the growth precursors of hydrogenated amorphous carbon (a-C:H) films. More than 20 hydrocarbon species are measured, enabling a comprehensive study of acetylene chemistry in the plasma environment. It is shown(More)
The structure of an H(2)O monolayer bound to atomically smooth hydroxylated amorphous silica is probed under ambient conditions by near-infrared evanescent-wave cavity ring-down absorption spectroscopy. Employing a miniature monolithic optical resonator, we find sharp (approximately 10 cm(-1)) and polarized (>10:1) vibration-combination bands for surface OH(More)
Novel nanoporous poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) films with basalt-like surface morphology are successfully obtained via a one-step, vapor phase process of oxidative chemical vapor deposition (oCVD) by introducing a new oxidant, CuCl(2). The substrate temperature of the oCVD process is a crucial process parameter for controlling electrical(More)
Several metal surfaces, such as titanium, aluminum and copper, were exposed to high fluxes (in the range of 10(23) m(-2) s(-1)) of low energy (<100 eV) Helium (He) ions. The surfaces were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and to get a better understanding on morphology changes both top view and cross sectional images were taken. Different surface(More)
The behavior of iron surfaces under helium plasma exposure is investigated as a function of surface temperature, plasma exposure time, and He ion flux. Different surface morphologies are observed for a large process parameter range and discussed in terms of temperature-related surface mechanisms. Surface modification is observed under low-He ion flux (in(More)
Temporal evolution of surface chemistry during oxidation of silicon quantum dot (Si-QD) surfaces were probed using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). A monolayer of hydrogen and chlorine terminated plasma-synthesized Si-QDs were spin-coated on silver oxide thin films. A clearly enhanced signal of surface modes, including Si-Clx and Si-Hx modes were(More)
One of the main challenges in developing highly efficient nanostructured photoelectrodes is to achieve good control over the desired morphology and good electrical conductivity. We present an efficient plasma-processing technique to form porous structures in tungsten substrates. After an optimized two-step annealling procedure, the mesoporous tungsten(More)
A steady-state high-flux H or He plasma beam was balanced against the pressure of a Sn vapor cloud for the first time, resulting in a self-regulated heat flux intensity near the liquid surface. A temperature response of the liquid surface characterized by a decoupling from the received heating power and significant cooling of the plasma in the neutral Sn(More)
The strong non-equilibrium conditions provided by the plasma phase offer the opportunity to beat traditional thermal process energy efficiencies via preferential excitation of molecular vibrations. Simple molecular physics considerations are presented to explain potential dissociation pathways in plasma and their effect on energy efficiency. A common(More)
The gas dynamics of a stationary hot-gas jet supersonically expanding into a low pressure environment is studied through numerical simulations. A hybrid coupled continuum-molecular approach is used to model the flow field. Due to the low pressure and high thermodynamic gradients, continuum mechanics results are doubtful, while, because of its excessive time(More)