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PURPOSE To determine if a correlation exists between the number of previous enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging examinations and high signal intensity in the globus pallidus (GP) and dentate nucleus (DN) in patients who received gadodiamide (Omniscan), a linear nonionic gadolinium-based contrast agent, and in those who received gadobenate dimeglumine(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps provide information at MR imaging that may reflect cell attenuation and integrity. We hypothesized that cerebellar tumors in children can be differentiated by their ADC values. METHODS Brain MR imaging studies that included ADC maps were retrospectively(More)
Global hypoxic-ischemic injury (HII) to the brain is a significant cause of mortality and severe neurologic disability. Imaging plays an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of HII, helping guide case management in the acute setting and providing valuable information about long-term prognosis. Appropriate radiologic diagnosis of HII requires(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE There is early evidence that diffusion-tensor imaging (DTI) is useful in demonstrating subtle white matter alterations in different diseases of brain. We hypothesize that DTI in several brain regions in human immunodeficiency virus-positive (HIV+) patients is useful in the early detection of HIV-related brain injury. METHODS MR(More)
Colloid cysts are relatively rare intracranial lesions located in the rostral aspect of the third ventricle. They may produce acute hydrocephalus, brain herniation, and lead to death. Although the clinical and imaging features of colloid cysts are well known, their etiology and the factors responsible for their imaging features continue to be a subject of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cranial abnormalities, including CND, are common in children with ANSD. The purpose of this study was to assess whether CND is associated with brain or inner ear abnormalities in a cohort of children with ANSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS Two neuroradiologists retrospectively reviewed cranial MR imaging examinations in 103 children with(More)
Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) has been shown to be an effective noninvasive diagnostic tool that can be used to monitor serially biochemical and metabolic changes in serial disease processes that affect the brain. MRS is now a clinical tool that is reimbursable. This article reviews MRS physics, techniques, pulse sequences, and the clinical(More)
In current practice, gadolinium-based contrast agents have been considered safe when used at clinically recommended doses in patients without severe renal insufficiency. The causal relationship between gadolinium-based contrast agents and nephrogenic systemic fibrosis in patients with renal insufficiency resulted in new policies regarding the administration(More)