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The Amazonian rainforest is arguably the most species-rich terrestrial ecosystem in the world, yet the timing of the origin and evolutionary causes of this diversity are a matter of debate. We review the geologic and phylogenetic evidence from Amazonia and compare it with uplift records from the Andes. This uplift and its effect on regional climate(More)
16 17 We have studied the relationships between present day relief, precipitation, stream power, 18 seismic energy, seismic strain rate and long-term exhumation rates for the Venezuelan Andes. 19 Average long-term exhumation rates were determined for seven large catchments in the 20 Venezuelan Andes from fission-track analysis of detrital apatite. A(More)
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